Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Longitudinal analyses of MF, SF and PF with functional disability, nursing home referral and mortality

From: A bio-psycho-social approach for frailty amongst Singaporean Chinese community-dwelling older adults – evidence from the Singapore Longitudinal Aging Study

 Functional DisabilityNursing Home ReferralMortality
 N%OR (95% CI)PN%OR (95% CI)PN/1000 py (95% CI)HR (95% CI)P
Total1174   2387   2387   
Unadjusted
 Physical frailty72/49614.51.89 (1.30–2.73)0.00131/11542.72.59 (1.35–4.98)0.004268/115421.47 (19.05–24.20)2.29 (1.86–2.81)< 0.001
 Mental frailty36/25614.11.47 (0.97–2.22)0.06823/6573.52.95 (1.62–5.37)< 0.001174/65724.60 (21.21–28.55)2.09 (1.72–2.55)< 0.001
 Social frailty28/17216.31.75 (1.11–2.76)0.01523/4385.35.09 (2.79–9.28)< 0.001117/43824.76 (20.66–29.68)1.89 (1.53–2.35)< 0.001
Adjusted1
 Physical frailty  1.49 (1.01–2.20)0.044  1.54 (0.75–3.17)0.238  1.51 (1.21–1.89)< 0.001
 Mental frailty  1.12 (0.71–1.74)0.629  1.68 (0.86–3.26)0.129  1.46 (1.18–1.81)< 0.001
 Social frailty  1.27 (0.83–2.08)0.331  3.43 (1.77–6.65)< 0.001  1.32 (1.05–1.65)0.018
Unadjusted
 Robust without MF or SF37/4997.41.00 6/8840.71.00 88/8848.64 (7.01–10.65)1.00 
 Robust with MF and/or SF19/17910.61.48 (0.83–2.65)0.1847/3492.03.00 (1.00–8.98)0.05048/34911.82 (8.91–15.68)1.35 (0.95–1.91)0.099
 Pre-frail or Frail without SF or MF43/31813.51.95 (1.23–3.11)0.0054/6260.60.94 (0.26–3.35)0.925103/62614.82 (12.21–17.97)1.74 (1.31–2.31)< 0.001
 Pre-frail or Frail with MF and/or SF29/17816.32.43 (1.44–4.09)0.00127/5285.17.89 (3.23–19.23)< 0.001165/52829.84 (25.62–34.76)3.48 (2.69–4.51)< 0.001
Adjusted2
 Robust without MF or SF  1.00   1.00   1.00 
 Robust with MF and/or SF  1.20 (0.66–2.19)0.555  3.91 (1.08–14.10)0.037  1.40 (0.99–2.00)0.061
 Pre-frail or Frail without SF or MF  1.59 (0.98–2.58)0.059  1.33 (0.33–5.41)0.689  1.52 (1.14–2.03)0.005
 Pre-frail or Frail with MF and/or SF  1.65 (0.95–2.87)0.078  7.17 (2.32–22.2)0.001  2.25 (1.70–2.97)< 0.001
  1. 1Model includes: gender, age, comorbidity, physical frailty, mental frailty and social frailty
  2. 2Model includes: gender, age and comorbidity