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Table 1 Prevalence of components for social, mental and physical frailty in SLAS-1 Chinese older adults

From: A bio-psycho-social approach for frailty amongst Singaporean Chinese community-dwelling older adults – evidence from the Singapore Longitudinal Aging Study

VariablesTotalPhysical Frailty (PF)Mental Frailty (MF)Social Frailty (SF)
N = 2387 (%)No PF (N = 1233)PF (N = 1154)pNo MF (N = 1730)MF (N = 657)pNo SF (N = 1949)SF (N = 438)p
Fried Shrinking209 (8.8)0 (0.0)209 (18.1)< 0.001127 (7.3)82 (12.5)< 0.001146 (7.5)63 (14.4)< 0.001
Fried Low Physical Activity635 (26.6)0 (0.0)635 (55.0)< 0.001439 (25.4)196 (29.8)0.028495 (25.4)140 (32.0)0.005
Fried Weak471 (19.7)0 (0.0)471 (40.8)< 0.001256 (14.8)215 (32.7)< 0.001316 (16.2)155 (35.4)< 0.001
Fried Slow77 (3.2)0 (0.0)77 (6.7)< 0.00129 (1.7)48 (7.3)< 0.00142 (2.2)35 (8.0)< 0.001
Fried Exhaust206 (8.6)0 (0.0)206 (17.9)< 0.00173 (4.2)133 (20.2)< 0.001147 (7.5)59 (13.5)< 0.001
Cognitive Impairment282 (11.8)77 (6.2)205 (17.8)< 0.0010 (0.0)282 (42.9)< 0.001141 (7.2)141 (32.2)< 0.001
Low Mood430 (18.0)164 (13.3)266 (23.1)< 0.0010 (0.0)430 (65.5)< 0.001314 (16.1)116 (26.5)< 0.001
Poor Health Status59 (2.5)15 (1.2)44 (3.8)< 0.0010 (0.0)59 (9.0)< 0.00138 (2.0)21 (4.8)0.001
Live Alone174 (7.3)79 (6.4)95 (8.2)0.087114 (6.6)60 (9.1)0.03361 (3.1)113 (25.8)< 0.001
No Education453 (19.0)169 (13.7)284 (24.6)< 0.001211 (12.2)242 (36.8)< 0.001215 (11.0)238 (54.3)< 0.001
Infrequent Contact487 (20.4)215 (17.4)272 (23.6)< 0.001296 (17.1)191 (29.1)< 0.001246 (12.6)241 (55.0)< 0.001
Infrequent Social Activities326 (13.7)158 (12.8)168 (14.6)0.215226 (13.1)100 (15.2)0.170174 (8.9)152 (34.7)< 0.001
Financial Difficulty234 (9.8)110 (8.9)124 (10.8)0.134127 (7.3)107 (16.3)< 0.00198 (5.0)136 (31.1)< 0.001
Absence of Confidant117 (4.9)34 (2.8)83 (7.2)< 0.00158 (3.4)59 (9.0)< 0.00127 (1.4)90 (20.6)< 0.001
Socio-economic Deprivation150 (6.3)35 (2.8)115 (10.0)< 0.00162 (3.6)88 (13.4)< 0.00131 (1.6)119 (27.2)< 0.001
  1. Footnotes: Independent sample t-tests were conducted for continuous variables, chi-square for categorical variables