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Table 3 Anthropometry, body constitution, and physical function and strength at baseline

From: Sarcopenia prevalence and associations with mortality and hospitalisation by various sarcopenia definitions in 85–89 year old community-dwelling men: a report from the ULSAM study

 AllEWGSOPEWGSOP2FNIH
No sarcopenia n = 227 (79%)Sarcopenia n = 60 (21%)Not probable sarcopenia n = 78 (27%)Probable sarcopenia n = 209 (73%)No sarcopenia n = 229 (80%)Sarcopenia n = 58 (20%)No sarcopenia n = 261 (92%)Sarcopenia n = 24 (8%)
Height, cm, mean (SD)172.4 (6.0)173.0 (5.9)170.1 (6.0)***172.1 (5.9)172.5 (6.0)172.6 (5.9)171.6 (6.4)172.9 (5.8)166.8 (4.7)***
Weight, kg, mean (SD)76.2 (11.2)78.4 (10.7)67.8 (9.0)***75.1 (10.3)76.6 (11.5)78.1 (10.9)68.7 (9.1)***76.1 (11.2)79.2 (11.1)
BMI, kg/m2, mean (SD)25.6 (3.4)26.2 (3.3)23.4 (2.5)***25.3 (3.1)25.7 (3.5)26.2 (3.3)23.3 (2.7)***25.4 (3.3)28.4 (3.2)***
Waist circumference,
 - cm, mean (SD100 (10)101 (9)95 (9)***98 (9)100 (10)*101 (9)95 (9)***99 (10)106 (8)***
 > 102 cm, n (%)107 (37)96 (42)11 (18)***23 (29)84 (40)96 (42)11 (19)**91 (35)16 (67)**
SMI, kg/m2, mean (SD)7.46 (0.77)7.67 (0.71)6.66 (0.41)***7.55 (0.71)7.42 (0.80)7.71 (0.62)6.46 (0.45)***7.49 (0.77)7.24 (0.71)
  < 7.0 kg/m2, n (%)72 (25)31 (14)41 (68)***14 (18)58 (28)14 (6)58 (100)***63 (24)7 (29)
  < 7.26 kg/m2, n (%)109 (38)49 (22)60 (100)***26 (33)83 (40)51 (22)58 (100)***96 (37)11 (46)
ASMM, kg, mean (SD)22.2 (2.8)22.9 (2.6)19.3 (1.7)***22.4 (2.7)22.1 (2.9)23.0 (2.5)19.0 (1.9)***22.4 (2.8)20.1 (2.2)***
ALMBMI, mean (SD)0.874 (0.117)0.885 (0.119)0.832 (0.098)**0.891 (0.116)0.867 (0.117)0.886 (0.113)0.826 (0.120)***0.889 (0.109)0.710 (0.038)***
  < 0.789, n (%)62 (22)43 (19)19 (32)12 (15)50 (24)42 (18)20 (34)*37 (14)24 (100)***
FMtot, kg, mean (SD)22.2 (7.5)23.0 (7.5)19.5 (7.0)**20.7 (7.1)22.8 (7.6)*22.9 (7.6)19.7 (6.7)**21.7 (7.4)28.6 (6.3)***
FMI, kg/m2, mean (SD)7.48 (2.50)7.69 (2.49)6.71 (2.38)**7.0 (2.32)7.66 (2.54)*7.69 (2.52)6.68 (2.25)**7.24 (2.39)10.24 (2.02)***
GS, m/s, mean (SD)1.36 (0.31)1.40 (0.31)1.23 (0.30)***1.56 (0.27)1.28 (0.29)***1.39 (0.31)1.24 (0.29)***1.39 (0.30)1.05 (0.28)***
  < 0.8 m/s, n (%)13 (5)6 (3)7 (12)**0 (0)13 (6)*9 (4)4 (7)8 (3)5 (22)**
HGS, kg, mean (SD)30.2 (6.5)31.6 (6.3)24.9 (3.8)***33.8 (5.2)28.9 (6.4)***30.8 (6.6)27.7 (5.4)***31.1 (5.9)20.7 (3.7)***
  < 30 kg, n (%)132 (46)72 (32)60 (100)***15 (19)117 (56)***95 (42)37 (65)**108 (41)24 (100)***
  < 27 kg, n (%)79 (28)47 (21)32 (53)***0 (0)79 (38)***57 (25)22 (39)*55 (21)24 (100)***
  < 26 kg, n (%)60 (21)35 (16)25 (42)***0 (0)60 (29)***42 (18)18 (32)*36 (14)24 (100)***
CSa, mean, sec (SD)17.9 (7.1)17.6 (6.4)19.4 (9.4)13.1 (1.5)20.2 (7.5)***17.7 (7.1)19.3 (7.2)17.8 (7.2)20.4 (5.7)
  > 15 s, n (%)189 (66)144 (64)45 (75)0 (0)189 (91)***137 (60)52 (90)***167 (64)21 (91)*
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  2. aFor chair stand test n = 244. EWGSOP European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People [3], EWGSOP2 European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People, 2018 update [4], FNIH Foundation for the National Institutes of Health Sarcopenia Project [9], BMI body mass index, SMI skeletal muscle mass index, ASMM appendicular skeletal muscle mass, ALMBMI appendicular lean mass/BMI, FMtot fat mass (total), FMI fat mass index, GS gait speed, HGS hand grip strength, CS chair stand test
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