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Table 3 Association of ED visit and hospitalization with health/mental health and fall injury characteristics

From: Fall-related emergency department visits and hospitalizations among community-dwelling older adults: examination of health problems and injury characteristics

 No ED visit or hospitalization vs.
ED visit only
RRR (95% CI)
Hospitalization
RRR (95% CI)
Arthritis (vs. no arthritis)1.27 (0.88–1.83)0.98 (0.61–1.59)
Cancer (vs. no cancer)0.78 (0.40–1.52)0.67 (0.25–1.81)
Diabetes (vs. no diabetes)0.98 (0.58–1.66)1.24 (0.72–2.15)
High blood pressure (vs. no high blood pressure)0.46 (0.26–0.79)**0.44 (0.23–0.84)*
Heart disease (vs. no heart disease)0.98 (0.61–1.58)1.22 (0.68–2.17)
Lung disease (vs. no lung disease)2.04 (1.15–3.60)*1.57 (0.82–3.01)
Stroke (vs. no stroke)0.78 (0.42–1.45)1.18 (0.56–2.46)
Vision problem (vs. no vision problem)0.86 (0.51–1.44)0.48 (0.18–1.27)
Hearing problem (vs. no hearing problem)0.93 (0.50–1.72)1.56 (0.63–3.85)
Memory problem (vs. no memory problem)1.45 (1.00–2.09)*1.53 (0.99–2.37)
Injury site (vs. no injury at site)
Leg, knee, ankle, foot, and/or other parts of lower limb0.55 (0.40–0.77)***0.63 (0.42–0.94)*
Arm, elbow, hand, and/or other parts of upper limb0.73 (0.53–1.00)0.61 (0.39–0.94)*
Chest, stomach, and/or groin0.68 (0.34–1.36)0.25 (0.10–0.63)**
Shoulder, neck, back, and/or buttocks0.84 (0.59–1.19)1.03 (0.70–1.50)
Face, ear, jaw, teeth2.11 (1.32–3.38)**2.60 (1.38–4.90)**
Hip0.47 (0.28–0.79)**3.05 (1.93–4.80)***
Head3.45 (2.31–5.15)***4.29 (2.51–7.34)***
Any broken bone or fracture (vs. none)3.59 (2.58–5.00)***9.50 (6.43–14.03)***
Fall location: Home (outside) vs.
 Home (inside)1.31 (0.95–1.81)1.98 (1.25–3.14)**
 Away from home1.59 (1.12–2.27)*1.58 (0.96–2.60)
Cause of fall: Slipping/tripping vs.
 Loss of balance/dizziness1.00 (0.72–1.39)2.68 (1.81–3.99)***
 Other0.88 (0.63–1.22)1.75 (1.15–2.65)**
Age group: 60–69 years vs.
 70–791.10 (0.80–1.52)1.56 (1.04–2.33)*
 80+1.27 (0.92–1.76)1.49 (0.99–2.26)
Female (vs. male)1.02 (0.76–1.38)0.70 (0.48–1.01)
College or higher degree (vs. no college degree)0.72 (0.54–0.95)*0.59 (0.40–0.85)*
Living alone (vs. not living alone)1.29 (0.98–1.70)1.57 (1.09–2.27)*
N = 1840; design df = 869; F (54,816) = 7.05; p < .001
  1. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001
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