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Table 2 Demographics of the study population

From: Quality of prescribing predicts hospitalisation in octogenarians: life and living in advanced age: a cohort study in New Zealand (LiLACS NZ)

DemographicsMāori Total
(n = 267) N (%) or Mean (SD)
Māori with at least one PIM (n = 65) N (%) or Mean (SD)Māori with at least one PPO (n = 155) N (%) or Mean (SD)Non-Māori Total (n = 404) N (%) or Mean (SD)Non-Māori with at least one PIM (n = 108) N (%) or Mean (SD)Non-Māori with at least one PIM (n = 195) N (%) or Mean (SD)
Age (Mean ± SD)82.3 (±2.6)82.1(±2.6)82.4(±2.7)84.6 (±0.5)84.6 (±0.5)84.6 (±0.5)
Gender (Female)160 (59.9)32 (49.2)96 (61.2)214 (53.0)61 (56.5)112 (57.4)
Socioeconomic Deprivation Scores
 (NZDep) 1–437 (13.9)9 (13.8)23 (14.8)101 (25.0)23 (21.3)48 (24.6)
 5–765 (24.3)13 (20.0)34 (21.9)171 (42.3)45 (41.6)83 (42.6)
 8–10165 (61.8)19 (29.2)43 (27.7)132 (32.7)45 (41.6)67 (34.4)
 CHF (Present)81 (30.3)37 (57.0)63 (40.6)79 (19.6)34 (31.5)53 (27.2)
Depressive symptoms (GDS)
 0–3190 (74.5)45 (69.2)87 (56.2)315 (80.4)73 (67.6)126 (64.6)
 4–9 (moderate)62 (24.3)16 (24.6)60 (38.7)74 (19.1)34 (31.5)67 (34.4)
 10+ severe3 (1.2)2 (3.1)3 (1.9)2 (0.5)1 (92.6)2 (1.0)
 Functional Status in NEADL Mean ± SD17.24 ± 4.5816.7 (±4.4)16.5 (±4.9)17.64 ± 4.0316.5 (±4.7)16.9 (±4.4)
 Hospitalisation in 12 month follow up99 (40.4)28 (43.1)74 (47.7)163 (41.0%)51 (47.2)88 (45.1)
  1. KEY: N Number; % = percent; SD Standard Deviation
  2. GDS Geriatric Depression Scale score, 0–15, higher score is more depressive symptoms
  3. NEADL Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living score, 0–22, higher score is better function