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Table 5 Influence of cognitive impairment and other resident, care unit and facility characteristics on depressive symptoms, based on generalized linear mixed models

From: Depressive symptoms in long term care facilities in Western Canada: a cross sectional study

  Model results
  Est SE P OR 95% CI
Intercept −2.613 0.308 < 0.0001
Cognitive impairment 0.499 0.072 < 0.0001 1.648 1.430 1.899
Age −0.006 0.003 0.015 1.006 1.001 1.011
Female 0.386 0.056 < 0.0001 1.471 1.318 1.641
Comorbidities
 Anxiety 0.751 0.107 < 0.0001 2.119 1.717 2.614
 Respiratory disease 0.359 0.069 < 0.0001 1.432 1.251 1.639
Other impairments
 Dependency in ADL −0.111 0.052 0.033 0.895 0.809 0.991
 Pain 0.980 0.080 < 0.0001 2.665 2.278 3.119
Unit type (ref = general long term care)
 Non secure dementia 0.331 0.298 0.268 1.392 0.776 2.497
 Other −0.154 0.235 0.514 0.858 0.541 1.360
 Secure dementia 0.304 0.143 0.033 1.356 1.025 1.793
 Secure mental health/psychiatric 0.781 0.512 0.127 2.184 0.800 5.958
Facility location (health region) ref = Winnipeg Health
 Calgary Zone 1.648 0.273 < 0.0001 5.195 3.040 8.877
 Edmonton Zone 1.246 0.266 < 0.0001 3.475 2.062 5.857
 Fraser Health 0.100 0.248 0.688 1.105 0.680 1.795
 Interior Health 0.949 0.297 0.001 2.583 1.444 4.620
Facility owner-operator model (ref = private for-profit)
 Public not for profit 0.527 0.230 0.022 1.693 1.079 2.658
 Voluntary not for profit 0.390 0.183 0.033 1.476 1.032 2.112
  Model fit
  Est     
−2 Log Likelihood 11,114.36     
AICC (smaller is better) 11,154.44     
BIC (smaller is better) 11,204.58     
  Covariance components
  Est SE P 95% CI ICC*
Facility 0.333 0.093 0.0002 0.206 0.626 0.092
Unit 0.479 0.070 < 0.0001 0.367 0.650 0.127
  −2 Res. LL P    
Test for independence 11,980 < 0.0001    
  1. Est Estimate, SE Standard Error, OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, ICC Intra-cluster Correlation Coefficient
  2. Bold entries is meant to indicate where the p value is significant