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Table 4 Pharmacologic and Non-Pharmacologic treatment for those with depressive symptoms

From: Depressive symptoms in long term care facilities in Western Canada: a cross sectional study

  Cognitive impairment Health region   
No Yes   Calgary Zone Edmonton Zone Fraser Health Interior Health Winnipeg Health   Total
N % N % Pa N % N % N % N % N % Pa N %
Overall sample of residents with depressive symptoms* 424 13.7 2671 86.3 < 0.0001 1102 35.1 922 29.8 382 12.3 375 12.1 314 10.2 < 0.0001 3095 100.0
Use of antidepressants
 1–6 days in last week 2 0.5 26 1.0 0.1478 9 0.8 5 0.5 9 2.4 3 0.8 2 0.6 0.0892 28 0.9
 7 days in last week 231 54.6 1566 58.8 639 58.1 551 59.8 217 57.1 224 60.1 166 52.9 1797 58.2
 No antidepressants with a diagnosis of depression 35 8.3 182 6.8 0.3052 68 6.2 82 8.9 17 4.5 25 6.7 25 8.0 0.0342 217 7.0
Use of antipsychotics**
 1–6 days in last week 4 0.9 67 2.5 < 0.0001 21 1.9 25 2.7 14 3.7 9 2.4 2 0.6 < 0.0001 71 2.3
 7 days in last week 84 19.9 895 33.6 324 29.5 242 26.3 120 31.6 166 44.5 127 40.4 979 31.7
 Antipsychotic use with no diagnosis of psychosis 63 14.9 777 29.2 < 0.0001 278 25.3 203 22.0 115 30.3 141 37.8 103 32.8 < 0.0001 840 27.2
Use of antianxieties**
 1–6 days in last week 9 2.1 107 4.0 < 0.0001 18 1.6 42 4.6 27 7.1 24 6.4 5 1.6 < 0.0001 116 3.8
 7 days in last week 84 19.9 328 12.3 100 9.1 144 15.6 67 17.6 58 15.5 43 13.7 412 13.3
 No antianxieties with a diagnosis of anxiety 22 5.2 114 4.3 0.3727 30 2.7 38 4.1 8 2.1 14 3.8 46 14.6 < 0.0001 136 4.4
No analgesics with pain** 13 3.1 47 1.8 0.0853 34 3.1 14 1.5 5 1.3 5 1.3 2 0.6 0.0192 60 1.9
Non-pharmacological treatments**
 Psychological therapy 1 0.2 21 0.8 0.3480 17 1.5 3 0.3 1 0.3 1 0.3 0 0.0 0.0043   
 Special behaviour symptom evaluation program 126 29.8 661 24.8 0.1012 324 29.5 220 23.9 100 26.3 106 28.4 37 11.8 < 0.0001 787 25.5
 Licensed mental health specialist evaluation in last 90 days 25 5.9 97 3.6 0.0312 71 6.5 24 2.6 7 1.8 11 2.9 9 2.9 < 0.0001 122 4.0
 Group therapy 20 4.7 99 3.7 0.3397 67 6.1 28 3.0 10 2.6 7 1.9 7 2.2 0.0003 119 3.9
 Resident specific deliberate changes in environments 10 2.4 123 4.6 0.0380 11 1.0 98 10.6 1 0.3 6 1.6 17 5.4 < 0.0001 133 4.3
2003Reorientation 34 8.0 531 19.9 < 0.0001 108 9.8 228 24.8 27 7.1 23 6.2 179 57.0 < 0.0001 565 18.3
  1. *Percentages are based on overall sample (n = 3095 residents with depressive symptoms)
  2. **Percentages are based on total number of residents in the respective column category
  3. aP values are based on a Fisher’s Exact test
  4. Bold entries is meant to indicate where the p value is significant