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Table 2 Description of Sample Characteristics

From: Depressive symptoms in long term care facilities in Western Canada: a cross sectional study

 Calgary (n = 2705)Edmonton (n = 2599)Fraser (n = 2749)Interior (n = 1318)Winnipeg (n = 2074)PTotal (n = 11,445)
DemographicsMSDMSDMSDMSDMSD MSD
 Age84.410.283.811.585.09.785.89.885.89.4< 0.0001a84.710.2
 N%N%N%N%N% N%
 Female176765.3169165.1188868.786665.7155074.7< 0.0001b776267.8
Marital status
 Never married2228.22339.01545.6927.024411.8< 0.0001b9458.3
 Married73827.368926.576027.621316.252325.2292325.5
 Widowed134149.6122347.1139450.764248.7111353.7571349.9
 Separated602.2592.3752.722016.7251.24393.8
 Divorced29210.81766.827810.113710.41617.810449.1
 Unknown521.92198.4883.2141.180.43813.3
Comorbidities
 Depressive symptoms110240.892235.538213.937528.531415.1< 0.0001b309527.1
 Cognitive impairment226483.7220885.0217879.2106981.1161477.8< 0.0001b933381.6
 Depressive symptoms and cognitive impairment95335.580430.931711.532324.527413.2< 0.0001b267123.3
 Diabetes mellitus61422.758722.655020.024418.546522.40.0031b246021.5
 Thyroid disease2027.528911.11796.5866.538018.3< 0.0001b11369.9
 HTN148855.0143355.1133848.761246.4122759.2< 0.0001b609853.3
 Stroke/TIA56821.059723.059021.530823.448323.30.1619b254622.3
 Hemiplegia/hemiparesis2057.61576.0993.6493.7351.7< 0.0001b5454.8
 Seizure disorder1525.61606.21445.2614.61045.00.2664b6215.4
 Cardiovascular disease103938.4104040.072426.343933.380538.8< 0.0001b404735.4
 Cancer2228.228310.91224.4413.122710.9< 0.0001b8957.8
 COPD/asthma37613.944317.02278.315211.531715.3< 0.0001b151513.2
 Renal failure1164.31054.01053.8876.61215.80.0002b5344.7
 Osteoporosis2258.329511.41836.7725.528013.5< 0.0001b10559.2
 Arthritis58321.655021.239014.226320.070233.8< 0.0001b248821.7
 Neurodegenerative disease1164.31556.0843.1584.41446.9< 0.0001b5574.9
 Anxiety953.51094.2602.2513.927113.1< 0.0001b5865.1
 Bipolar461.7612.3371.3221.7412.00.0908b2071.8
 Schizophrenia903.3742.8481.7251.9753.6< 0.0001b3122.7
 Visual impairment38014.054420.937513.614210.828813.9< 0.0001b172915.1
 Gastrointestinal disease74027.4101739.11816.615011.429714.3< 0.0001b238520.8
 Liver disease311.1261.0160.6161.2140.70.0848b1030.9
 Fecal incontinence157258.1192674.1125045.552539.894145.4< 0.0001b621454.3
 Urinary incontinence204375.5221685.3173363.087266.2136365.7< 0.0001b822771.9
 Indwelling catheter1375.11746.7873.2725.5753.6< 0.0001b5454.8
 Responsive behaviors136250.4143455.2105038.258244.277837.5< 0.0001b520645.5
 Fell in past 30 days42815.839215.137313.621015.931315.10.1405b171615.0
 Stag 2+ pressure ulcer1575.82007.71194.3503.8653.1< 0.0001b5915.2
 Stage 2+ stasis ulcer1575.82007.71194.3503.8653.1< 0.0001b5915.2
 Hip fracture in last 180 days481.8421.6230.8100.8180.90.0015b1411.2
 Traumatic brain injury632.3783.0562.0362.7251.2< 0.0001b2582.3
 Aphasia1726.432912.7913.3302.3341.6< 0.0001b6565.7
 Daily or excruciating pain1796.61967.534512.618814.325812.4< 0.0001b116610.2
  1. aP value is based on an Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)
  2. bP value is based on a Fisher’s Exact test
  3. Bold entries is meant to indicate where the p value is significant