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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the two groups

From: Braden scale for assessing pneumonia after acute ischaemic stroke

Items No pneumonia (n = 357) Pneumonia
(n = 57)
P value
Age/year 71.0 ± 8.9 74.7 ± 7.5 0.001
Male (case, %) 225 (63.0) 39 (68.4) 0.462
Smoking status (case, %) 140 (39.2) 28 (49.1) 0.191
Drinking status (case, %) 147 (27.4) 22 (38.6) 0.773
Hypertension (case, %) 195 (54.6) 34 (59.6) 0.642
Hyperlipidemia (case, %) 101 (28.3) 12 (21.1) 0.336
Diabetes (case, %) 96 (26.9) 18 (31.6) 0.523
Stroke/TIA (case, %) 36 (10.1) 5 (8.8) 1.000
COPD (case, %) 6 (1.7) 4 (7.0) 0.036
Dysphagia (case, %) 54 (15.1) 18 (31.6) 0.004
Admission GCS score 14.0 ± 2.2 10.9 ± 4.3 0.000
Fasting blood glucose (mmol/L) 5.9 ± 1.6 5.8 ± 0.76 0.255
Glycosylated hemoglobin (%) 5.8 ± 0.7 5.8 ± 0.7 0.822
Serum creatinine (umol/L) 80.4 ± 20.6 82.0 ± 25.1 0.595
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 145.5 ± 17.7 143.1 ± 17.4 0.342
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 87.3 ± 10.9 89.4 ± 10.0 0.189
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.0 ± 1.2 5.2 ± 1.6 0.329
Triglyceride (mmol/L) 1.5 ± 0.8 1.4 ± 0.5 0.594
Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (mmol/L) 3.1 ± 0.8 3.1 ± 0.8 0.955
High density lipoprotein cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.2 ± 0.5 1.2 ± 0.4 0.571
Stroke classification
 Large atherosclerotic stroke(case, %) 140 (39.2) 26 (45.6) 0.384
 Arteriolar occlusive stroke(case, %) 90 (25.2) 19 (33.3) 0.199
 Cardiogenic cerebral embolism(case, %) 49 (13.7) 3 (5.3) 0.085
 Other stroke with definite etiology(case, %) 34 (10.0) 3 (5.3) 0.452
 Stroke of unknown etiology(case, %) 44 (12.3) 6 (10.5) 0.829
Admission NIHSS score 9.2 ± 3.6 13.6 ± 5.0 0.000
Braden scale at 24 h 19.6 ± 2.3 15.3 ± 2.5 0.000
  1. The NIHSS score in the pneumonia group was significantly higher than that in the no pneumonia group. The mean score on the Braden Scale in the pneumonia group was significantly lower than that in the no pneumonia group
  2. TIA transient ischaemic attack, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale