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Table 2 Associations between SF-36, physical function and pain (multivariable regression)

From: Associations between health-related quality of life, physical function and pain in older women with osteoporosis and vertebral fracture

  Standardized β P-value B (95% CI) Adjusted R2
Physical Functioning Pain −0.29 < 0.001 −2.83 (− 3.95 to – 1.71) 0.596
Functional reach 0.21 0.001 0.78 (0.31–1.25)  
10 m walking speed 0.41 < 0.001 32.48 (20.67–44.28)  
30 s Sit to Stand 0.14 0.047 0.83 (0.01–1.66)  
Role Physical Pain −0.45 < 0.001 −5.36 (− 6.88 to − 3.84) 0.502
Comorbidity 0.14 0.029 8.34 (0.85–15.82)  
Functional reach 0.16 0.023 0.75 (0.11–1.40)  
10 m walking speed 0.29 < 0.001 28.85 (14.07–46.63)  
Bodily Pain Pain −0.70 < 0.001 −6.71 (−7.78 to – 5.64) 0.615
Comorbidity 0.14 0.030 6.47 (1.19–11.75)  
Functional Reach 0.08 0.198 0.30 (−0.16–0.76)  
10 m walking speed 0.10 0.148 7.68 (−2.75–18.10)  
General Health Pain −0.26 0.002 −2.52 (−4.07 to − 0.98) 0.170
10 m walking speed 0.26 0.002 21.02 (8.18–33.86)  
Vitality Pain −0.31 < 0.001 −2.14 (−3.20 to – 1.07) 0.246
Comorbidity 0.21 0.008 7.19 (1.91–12.47)  
Functional reach 0.14 0.109 0.37 (− 0.08–0.83)  
10 m walking speed 0.12 0.183 7.07 (−3.38–17.53)  
Social Functioning Living condition 0.15 0.063 5.04 (−0.33–12.20) 0.209
Pain −0.25 0.003 −2.08 (−3.42 to − 0.74)  
Comorbidity 0.19 0.017 7.98 (1.45–14.50)  
10 m walking speed 0.19 0.022 12.74 (1.85–23.63)  
Role Emotional Education, years 0.20 0.014 1.17 (0.24–2.10) 0.229
Pain −0.25 0.003 −2.06 (−3.41 to – 0.71)  
Comorbidity 0.12 0.151 4.84(−1.79–11.47)  
10 m walking speed 0.24 0.004 16.79 (5.33–28.26)  
Mental Health Living condition 0.17 0.041 4.47 (0.18–8.76) 0.124
Pain −0.16 0.060 −0.85(−1.74–0.04)  
Comorbidity 0.21 0.015 5.55 (1.08–10.02)  
10 m walking speed 0.15 0.062 0.53(−0.03–1.09)  
PCS Pain −0.50 < 0.001 −2.07(−2.53 to −1.62) 0.631
Comorbidity 0.11 0.046 2.27 (0.04–4.49)  
Functional reach 0.18 0.005 0.28 (0.09–0.47)  
10 m walking speed 0.26 0.001 8.80 (3.90–13.70)  
30 s Sit to Stand 0.11 0.099 0.28(−0.05–0.61)  
MCS Comorbidity 0.22 0.008 2.95 (0.78–5.13) 0.082
Living condition 0.23 0.005 3.08 (0.94–5.23)  
  1. PCS Physical Component Score, MCS Mental Component Score
  2. Variables in bold were selected for the multivariable regression models using stepwise backward regression with p-value ≤0.20 as criteria for elimination