Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Erythrocyte sedimentation rate and albumin as markers of inflammation are associated with measures of sarcopenia: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics n Total (n = 442)
General
 Age, years 442 80.8 (6.7)
 Sex, female, n (%) 442 257 (58.1)
 Living independently, n (%) 421 367 (87.2)
 Education, years, median [IQR] 380 10 [9–13]
 Use of alcohol, n (%) 408 255 (62.5)
 Current smoking, n (%) 410 43 (10.5)
 Polypharmacy, n (%)* 441 257 (58.3)
 Anti-inflammatory medication, n (%)† 440 36 (8.2)
 Number of morbidities, median [IQR] 441 3 [2–4]
 MMSE score, median [IQR] 425 26 [22–28]
 Weight, kg 413 70.2 (13.5)
 Height, cm 414 166.6 (9.7)
 BMI, kg/m2 408 25.3 (4.2)
 Hemoglobin, mmol/L 435 8.6 (0.9)
 Anemia, n (%) 435 83 (19.1)
Functional status
 Katz ADL score, median [IQR] 399 0 [0–1]
 Use of walking aid, n (%) 408 169 (41.4)
 Immobile > 1 week in last 3 months, n (%) 387 59 (15.2)
 Maximal walking distance, > 1 km, n (%) 391 140 (35.8)
 Fall in past year, n (%) 404 246 (60.9)
Inflammatory markers
 ESR, mm/hr., median [IQR] 408 11 [6–22]
 Albumin, g/L, median [IQR] 433 37.8 [35.7–39.7]
 WBC count, E9/L, median [IQR] 442 7.2 [6.0–8.7]
Measures of sarcopenia
 Gait speed, m/s 419 0.8 (0.3)
 TUG test, s, median [IQR] 303 14.9 [11.5–19.0]
 CST, s, median [IQR] 356 13.6 [11.4–18.6]
 HGS, kg 423 22.2 (9.6)
 RMM, % 68 36.7 (5.4)
 ALM/height2, kg/m2 68 7.1 (1.2)
  1. All variables are presented as mean (standard deviation), unless otherwise specified
  2. ADL Activities of daily living, ALM Appendicular lean mass, BMI Body mass index, CST Chair stand test, ESR Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, HGS Handgrip strength, IQR Interquartile range, MMSE Mini-mental state examination, RMM Relative skeletal muscle mass, TUG Timed up and go, VAS Visual analogue scale, WBC White blood cell
  3. *Polypharmacy: use of > 4 medication
  4. †Anti-inflammatory medication: use of prednisone, prednisolone, methotrexate, mesalazine, hydroxychloroquine, infliximab or non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs