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Table 2 Baseline assessments of participants

From: Effects of individualized Tai-Chi on balance and lower-limb strength in older adults

  Individualized Tai-Chi Group (n = 20) Complete Tai-Chi Group (n = 15) Control Group (n = 15) p value
Functional Balance Assessment
 BBS 45.05 ± 12.17 49.33 ± 4.52 45.13 ± 12.35 0.944
 TUG (seconds) 12.00 ± 8.45 9.10 ± 1.94 11.24 ± 9.59 0.527
 FRD (cm) 24.30 ± 7.40 23.75 ± 6.47 21.66 ± 7.01 0.531
Muscle Strength
 RH F 14.55 ± 3.71 16.39 ± 4.32 13.64 ± 5.87 0.261
 LH F 14.47 ± 3.32 15.29 ± 4.72 13.09 ± 5.00 0.373
 RH E 13.64 ± 4.91 16.06 ± 3.33 12.67 ± 5.37 0.129
 LH E 14.36 ± 5.49 15.71 ± 3.46 12.57 ± 4.58 0.194
 RH Ab 12.67 ± 3.66 15.51 ± 3.73 12.04 ± 2.65 0.016*
 LH Ab 12.57 ± 3.20 12.26 ± 2.07 12.31 ± 3.08 0.942
 RH Ad 10.23 ± 2.86 11.07 ± 2.09 9.38 ± 3.02 0.240
 LH Ad 9.67 ± 2.63 11.88 ± 2.91 9.74 ± 3.12 0.057
 RK F 11.20 ± 2.83 13.13 ± 2.84 10.09 ± 3.31 0.025*
 LK F 10.64 ± 2.92 12.81 ± 2.69 10.16 ± 3.99 0.061
 RK E 15.93 ± 4.89 18.06 ± 3.92 15.15 ± 6.48 0.286
 LK E 15.58 ± 5.46 16.91 ± 3.08 13.95 ± 5.06 0.240
 RA Df 11.10 ± 2.85 11.87 ± 3.01 10.57 ± 2.80 0.466
 LA Df 11.32 ± 2.65 12.01 ± 2.81 10.85 ± 2.43 0.484
 RA Pf 15.41 ± 3.71 17.12 ± 2.46 16.06 ± 5.10 0.441
 LA Pf 14.88 ± 3.96 16.53 ± 2.90 15.51 ± 4.85 0.484
  1. Abbreviations: BBS Berg Balance Scale, TUG Timed up-and-go, FRD Forward reach distance, RH Righ hip, F Flexor, LH Left hip, E Extensor, Ab Abductor, Ad Adductor, RK Right knee, LK Left knee, RA Right ankle, Df Dorsi-flexor, LA Left ankle, Pf Plantar-flexor
  2. *p < 0.05