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Table 1 Socio-demographic, clinical and healthcare use characteristics of centenarians, by sex. Means are accompanied by their 95% confidence intervals in brackets

From: Health of Spanish centenarians: a cross-sectional study based on electronic health records

  Men Women P value
Socio-demographics
 N 351 1329 <0.001
 Mean age, yearsa 101.7 (101.5–101.9) 101.6 (101.5–101.7) n.s.b
 Urban residence, % 58.7% 56.7% n.s.
 Deprivation index, %c    n.s.
  Q1 29.1% 31.1%  
  Q2 23.7% 22.8%  
  Q3 24.0% 20.7%  
  Q4 23.1% 25.6%  
Clinical information
 Without chronic diseases, % 7.6% 5.2% n.s.
 Chronic diseases, meana 3.97 (3.65–4.28) 3.97 (3.81–4.12) n.s.
 With multimorbidity, % 78.0% 81.3% n.s.
 Without chronic medications, % 8.1% 6.4% n.s.
 Chronic drugs, meana 4.94 (4.56–5.33) 4.77 (4.58–4.95) n.s.
 With polypharmacy, %d 49.8% 49.5% n.s.
 With potentially inappropriate medications, %a,e 71.1% 72.3% n.s.
 Potentially inappropriate medications, meana 1.32 (1.19–1.45) 1.36 (1.29–1.43) n.s.
 Anticholinergic Drug Scale score, %    n.s.
  0 50.6% 50.2%  
  1 28.2% 29.5%  
  2 12.4% 12.3%  
  ≥3 8.8% 8.0%  
 Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden score, %    n.s.
  0 55.3% 52.3%  
  1 26.0% 28.8%  
  2 6.2% 8.5%  
  ≥3 12.5% 10.4%  
Healthcare use
 Users of primary care services, % 76.1% 79.4% n.s.
  Visits to GPf, meana 10.6 (9.4–11.7) 10.8 (10.2–11.5) n.s.
  Visits to nurse, meana 9.3 (7.8–10.9) 12.1 (10.9–13.3) n.s.
 Users of specialities, % 24.5% 22.3% n.s.
  Visits to a specialist, meana 2.79 (2.16–3.43) 2.72 (2.44–2.99) n.s.
  Different specialties visited, meana 1.37 (1.23–1.51) 1.47 (1.37–1.57) n.s.
 Users of hospital, % 14.8% 12.1% n.s.
  Total hospital admissions, meana 1.35 (1.17–1.52) 1.34 (1.23–1.45) n.s.
  Scheduled hospital admissions, meana 0.06 (0.00–0.12) 0.12 (0.06–0.17) n.s.
  Length of stay in days, meana 10.0 (7.9–12.0) 11.6 (10.3–13.0) n.s.
 Users of emergency room, % 11.7% 8.3% n.s.
  Visits to emergency room, meana 1.80 (1.40–2.21) 1.45 (1.28–1.62) n.s.
  1. aA non-parametric test was used; bNot statistically significant; cFrom less (Q1) to most (Q4) deprived administrative health areas; dDefined as five or more drugs dispensed; eAccording to Beers criteria; fGeneral Practitioner