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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Unplanned readmission prevention by a geriatric emergency network for transitional care (URGENT): a prospective before-after study

Variable All patients (n = 1680) Control cohort (n = 794) Intervention cohort (n = 886) P-value
Age, Q2 (Q1-Q3) 80 (76.0–85.0) 80 (75.0–85.0) 81 (76.0–85.0) 0.46
Female, n (%) 905 (53.9) 436 (54.9) 469 (52.9) 0.42
Living alone, n (%) 610 (36.4) 303 (38.2) 307 (34.8) 0.15
Nursing care at home, n (%) 552 (33.0) 250 (31.6) 302 (34.3) 0.25
Home care, n (%) 246 (14.7) 120 (15.1) 126 (14.3) 0.64
Physiotherapy, n (%) 199 (11.9) 103 (13.0) 96 (10.9) 0.19
Meals on wheels, n (%) 195 (11.7) 92 (11.6) 103 (11.7) 0.95
Cleaning help, n (%) 745 (44.6) 355 (44.8) 390 (44.4) 0.87
Help for management of finances, n (%) 565 (33.8) 246 (31.0) 319 (36.3) 0.02*
Personal alarm system, n (%) 183 (11.0) 79 (10.0) 104 (11.8) 0.22
Caregiver burden, n (%) 206 (12.5) 114 (14.4) 92 (10.7) 0.02*
Premorbid ADL, Q2 (Q1-Q3) 7 (6.0–10.0) 7 (6.0–10.0) 7 (6.0–10.0) 0.06
Fall in last 90 days, n (%) 679 (40.7) 341 (43.2) 338 (38.5) 0.06
Pain, daily and severe, n (%) 247 (14.8) 110 (13.9) 137 (15.6) 0.33
Weight loss, n (%) 309 (18.6) 180 (22.8) 129 (14.8) <.001*
Difficulty in medication management, n (%) 353 (21.2) 146 (18.4) 207 (23.6) 0.01*
Cognitive impairment, n (%) 706 (46.7) 355 (46.8) 351 (46.6) 0.93
Delirium, n (%) 66 (3.9) 28 (3.5) 38 (4.3) 0.42
Risk for depression, n (%) 273 (16.4) 175 (22.2) 98 (11.2) .001*
Polypharmacy, n (%) 1201 (72.4) 565 (71.2) 636 (73.6) 0.26
Triage priority level (ESI), n (%)     0.26
°level 1–2 547 (37.2) 250 (35.7) 297 (38.6)  
°level 3–5 923 (62.8) 450 (64.3) 473 (61.4)  
Comorbidity, Q2 (Q1-Q3) 19 (15.0–24.0) 21 (16.0–26.0) 18 (14.0–23.0) <.001*
Previous ED visit in last 90 days, n (%) 381 (23.0) 162 (20.6) 219 (25.1) 0.03*
Previous hospital stay in last 90 days, n (%) 394 (23.6) 180 (22.8) 214 (24.3) 0.49
First treating discipline on ED is surgical, n (%) 351 (20.9) 175 (22.0) 176 (19.9) 0.27
Geriatric screening (iEDS), n (%)     <.001*
°Score 1–4 1163 (69.3) 506 (63.9) 657 (74.2)  
°Score 5–6 515 (30.7) 286 (36.1) 229 (25.8)  
  1. P-value: comparison of variable between control and intervention cohort, using Mann-Whitney U or Chi2 tests
  2. *statistical significant with alpha = 0,05, ED emergency department, ESI Emergency Severity Index, ADL Activities of Daily Living; Q2 = median; Q1-Q3 = interquartile range; iEDS = interRAI Emergency Department Screener©