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Table 5 Problems and complaints

From: Pain and symptoms of depression: international comparative study on selected factors affecting the quality of life of elderly people residing in institutions in Europe

  Total Poland France Germany Test result p < 0.05
mean values percentage mean values percentage mean values percentage mean values percentage
Number of patients 570 100 190 33.33 190 33.33 190 33.33  
Constipation, diarrhoea 412 72.28 132 69.47 139 73.16 141 74.21 0.323
Back pain 339 59.47 118 62.11 102 53.68 119 62.63 0.096
Dizziness 325 57.01 122 64.21 102 53.68 101 53.15 0.037a
Feeling of heavy legs 307 53.85 107 56.32 103 54.21 97 51.05 0.680
Arthralgia 291 51.05 106 55.79 83 43.68 102 53.68 0.018a
Feeling of sadness and mood depression 171 30.00 84 44.21 30 15.79 57 30.01 0.000a
Sleep disturbances 196 34.38 56 29.47 48 25.26 92 48.42 0.264
Continuous feeling of tiredness 159 27.89 69 36.32 37 19.47 53 27.90 0.014a
Concentration difficulties 252 44.21 88 46.32 80 42.11 84 44.22 0.293
Slowness/agitation 209 36.66 82 43.16 48 25.26 79 41.57 0.445
Appetite disturbances 169 29.64 22 11.58 91 47.89 56 29.47 0.000a
Degree of difficulty in everyday functioning
a) no difficulty 27 4.73 18 9.47 0 0 9 4.73  
b) medium 338 59.29 92 48.42 133 70.00 113 59.47 0.398
c) high 205 35.96 80 42.11 57 30.00 68 35.78  
General subjective health assessment:
a) good 151 26.48 48 25.26 53 27.89 50 26.31  
b) medium 166 29.12 66 34.74 45 23.68 55 28.94 0.462
c) bad 253 44.38 76 40.00 92 48.42 85 44.73
Subjective physical pain:
a) no pain 95 16.66 32 16.84 27 14.21 36 18.94  
b) medium 336 62.98 107 56.32 122 64.22 135 71.04 0.007a
c) strong 111 19.46 51 26.84 41 21.58 19 9.99
  1. aStatistically significant values