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Table 3 ORs (95% CIs) obtained from modelling general and sub-domains cognition on NSFU and gender

From: Joint associations of smartphone use and gender on multidimensional cognitive health among community-dwelling older adults: a cross-sectional study

  MoCA scorea Sub-score of MoCA in six cognitive domains (mean ± sd)
Memory Visuospatial Executive Attention Language Orientation
Model 1b
 NSFU 0 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
1 1.41 (1.11–1.78) * 1.29 (1.01–1.65) 1.31 (1.04–1.66) 1.48 (1.17–1.88) * 1.10 (0.86–1.41) 1.52 (1.20–1.93) * 1.29 (0.91–1.83)
2+ 2.22 (1.75–2.82) * 1.16 (0.93–1.46) 1.98 (1.57–2.50) * 2.37 (1.88–2.98) * 1.78 (1.36–2.34) * 1.94 (1.53–2.46) * 1.25 (0.87–1.80)
Model 2c
 Gender men 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
women 0.86 (0.69–1.07) 1.38 (1.10–1.73) * 0.46 (0.37–0.57) * 0.82 (0.66–1.03) 0.79 (0.63–1.00) 0.91 (0.73–1.13) 0.95 (0.69–1.30)
Model 3d
 NSFU 0 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
1 1.40 (1.11–1.77) * 1.31 (1.02–1.67) 1.28 (1.01–1.62) 1.47 (1.16–1.87) * 1.09 (0.85–1.40) 1.52 (1.20–1.93) * 1.29 (0.91–1.83)
2+ 2.22 (1.75–2.81) * 1.18 (0.94–1.48) 1.92 (1.52–2.43) * 2.35 (1.87–2.96) * 1.77 (1.35–2.32) * 1.93 (1.53–2.45) * 1.25 (0.87–1.80)
 Gender men 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
women 0.87 (0.7–1.09) 1.39 (1.11–1.75) * 0.47 (0.38–0.59) * 0.85 (0.68–1.06) 0.81 (0.64–1.02) 0.93 (0.75–1.16) 0.96 (0.70–1.31)
  1. Note: All three models adjusted for the same set of covariates: age, region, marital status, level of education, income, occupation, smoking, drinking, hypertension, diabetes, and depression
  2. bNSFU entered in the model in addition to the above covariates
  3. cGender entered in the model in addition to the above covariates
  4. dBoth NSFU and gender entered in the model in addition to the above covariates
  5. aThe MoCA score has been adjusted according to the years of education;
  6. *denotes p < 0.007; NSFU represents the number of smartphone functions used