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Table 2 Gender specified characteristics of 2600 participants according to the MoCA scores and ANOVA results

From: Joint associations of smartphone use and gender on multidimensional cognitive health among community-dwelling older adults: a cross-sectional study

NSFU N(%) MoCA scorea Sub-score of MoCA in six cognitive domains (mean ± sd)
Memory Visuospatial Executive Attention Language Orientation
Men
 0 928 (66.24) 21.84 ± 4.37 2.33 ± 1.91 2.17 ± 1.42 1.84 ± 1.10 5.04 ± 1.21 4.48 ± 1.31 5.69 ± 0.74
 1 206 (14.70) 23.87 ± 3.56 3.08 ± 1.78 2.68 ± 1.19 2.18 ± 0.99 5.35 ± 0.92 4.91 ± 1.15 5.80 ± 0.58
 2+ 267 (19.06) 25.29 ± 3.35 3.12 ± 1.64 3.15 ± 1.03 2.73 ± 1.08 5.68 ± 0.63 5.20 ± 1.05 5.85 ± 0.42
F-value   82.55* 24.21* 57.58* 69.14* 38.59* 37.07* 7.35*
Women
 0 893 (74.48) 20.12 ± 4.59 2.61 ± 1.89 1.36 ± 1.38 1.47 ± 1.02 4.52 ± 1.46 4.00 ± 1.44 5.65 ± 0.69
 1 138 (11.51) 22.38 ± 4.66 2.96 ± 1.90 2.04 ± 1.37 1.98 ± 1.14 5.03 ± 1.13 4.62 ± 1.34 5.75 ± 0.69
 2+ 168 (14.01) 24.75 ± 3.68 3.18 ± 1.70 2.71 ± 1.25 2.41 ± 1.11 5.49 ± 0.93 5.10 ± 1.11 5.87 ± 0.34
F-value   82.64* 6.99* 74.2* 60.27* 39.26* 49.17* 8.23*
  1. Note: a The MoCA score has been adjusted according to the years of education; * denotes p < 0.007; NSFU represents the number of smartphone functions used