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Table 1 Characteristics of the participants

From: Perceptions of self-determination and quality of life among Swedish home care recipients - a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Participants Higher self-determination Lower self-determination p
  n = 134 n = 65 n = 69  
Sex .930a
 Female n (%) 84 (63) 40 (62) 44 (64)
 Male n (%) 50 (37) 25 (38) 25 (36)
Age (Year) .246b
 Median (Q1; Q3) 83 (77; 88) 84 (79; 89) 83 (74; 88)
 Range 65–100 66–97 65–100
Help from HCS n (%) .788a
  < 1 year 25 (20) 13 (22) 12 (19)
 1–10 years 85 (69) 43 (71) 42 (66)
  ≥ 10 years 14 (11) 4 (7) 10 (15)
 Not answered n = 10    
Number of home visits n (%) .622a
 1–2 visits/ week or 1 every fourteen days 39 (31) 21 (35) 18 (27)
 3–6 times each week 12 (10) 5 (8) 7 (11)
 Each day 23 (18) 9 (15) 14 (21)
 Twice each day 23 (18) 13 (22) 10 (15)
 Three or more each day 29 (23) 12 (20) 17 (26)
 Not answered n = 8    
Housing n (%) .034 a
 House 25 (19) 17 (26) 8 (12)
 Apartment 108 (81) 48 (74) 60 (88)
 Not answered n = 1    
Educational background n (%)
 Elementary school 63 (48) 31 (48) 32 (47) .738a
 Secondary school 47 (36) 21 (33) 26 (38)  
 University 22 (16) 12 (19) 10 (15)  
 Not answered n = 2     
Country of birth n (%) .272a
 Sweden 115 (86) 58 (89) 57 (83)
 Other countries 19 (14) 7 (11) 12 (17)
Swedish is the mother tongue n (%) .783a
 Yes 124 (93) 61 (94) 63 (93)
 No 9 (7) 4 (6) 5 (7)
 Not answered n = 1    
Instrumental activities in daily living n (%) 1.000a
 Dependent 119 (95) 56 (95) 63 (95)
 Independent 6 (5) 3 (5) 3 (5)
 Not answered n = 9    
Personal activities in daily living n (%) .818a
 Dependent 63 (83) 24 (80) 39 (85)
 Independent 13 (17) 6 (20) 7 (15)
 Not answered n = 58    
  1. p = Differences between higher and lower self-determination, a= Chi-square test, b = Mann-Whitney U Test, Not answered = Internal missing values are not included in the analyses