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Table 3 Disability-Adjusted Life Years for Each Health Outcome

From: The burden of health conditions for middle-aged and older adults in the United States: disability-adjusted life years

  Cases Number Dead YLLs (in thousands) YLDs (in thousands) DALYs (in thousands)
Arthritis
 Males
  50–59 Years 13,140,604 1,767,444 33,628 19,243 52,871
  60–69 Years 9,293,034 2,465,646 31,798 14,254 46,053
  70–79 Years 5,768,620 3,415,221 26,344 8051 34,396
  ≥80 Years 2,600,532 2,069,681 9260 2411 11,671
Total 30,802,790 9,717,992 101,030 43,959 144,991
 Females
  50–59 Years 16,094,235 1,583,622 34,047 25,641 59,688
  60–69 Years 11,064,877 2,422,174 35,011 18,417 53,428
  70–79 Years 8,296,633 4,304,371 36,176 13,157 49,333
  ≥80 Years 5,291,347 4,199,135 20,000 5728 25,728
Total 40,747,092 12,509,302 125,234 62,943 188,177
 Overall
  50–59 Years 29,234,839 3351,066 68,226 44,842 113,068
  60–69 Years 20,357,911 4,887,820 66,848 32,557 99,405
  70–79 Years 14,065,253 7,719,592 62,446 21,085 83,532
  ≥80 Years 7,891,879 6,268,816 29,270 8145 37,415
Total 71,549,882 22,227,294 226,790 106,629 333,420
Back Pain
 Males
  50–59 Years 15,686,707 1,740,053 35,669 1980 37,648
  60–69 Years 6,832,356 1,653,968 22,088 932 23,021
  70–79 Years 4,396,870 2,113,526 17,575 530 18,105
  ≥80 Years 2,184,198 1,645,791 7424 194 7618
Total 29,100,131 7,153,338 82,756 3636 86,392
 Females
  50–59 Years 15,354,395 1,241,525 28,443 2126 30,569
  60–69 Years 8,568,148 1,788,250 26,819 1221 28,040
  70–79 Years 6,382,777 2,705,337 24,726 881 25,607
  ≥80 Years 4,351,801 3,076,734 15,084 436 15,520
Total 34,657,121 8,811,846 95,072 4664 99,736
 Overall
  50–59 Years 31,041,102 2,981,578 64,644 4104 68,747
  60–69 Years 15,400,504 3,442,218 48,969 2151 51,120
  70–79 Years 10,779,647 4,818,863 42,198 1400 43,598
  ≥80 Years 6,535,999 4,722,525 22,493 628 23,121
Total 63,757,252 15,965,184 178,304 8283 186,586
Cancer
 Males
  50–59 Years 2,522,588 636,050 12,994 3863 16,857
  60–69 Years 3,755,041 1,213,733 17,078 6250 23,328
  70–79 Years 3,472,371 1,731,529 14,875 5443 20,318
  ≥80 Years 1,618,157 1,236,842 5880 1854 7734
Total 11,368,157 4,818,154 50,827 17,410 68,237
 Females
  50–59 Years 3,700,463 591,564 13,619 6663 20,282
  60–69 Years 3,429,015 1,027,035 16,203 6220 22,423
  70–79 Years 3,072,482 1,655,490 15,535 5413 20,948
  ≥80 Years 1,988,047 1385,791 7186 2690 9876
Total 12,190,007 4,659,880 52,543 20,986 73,529
 Overall
  50–59 Years 6,223,051 1,227,614 26,898 10,487 37,385
  60–69 Years 7,184,056 2,240,768 33,349 12,469 45,818
  70–79 Years 6544,853 3,387,019 30,372 10,862 41,234
  ≥80 Years 3,606,204 2,622,633 13,055 4520 17,575
Total 23,558,164 9,478,034 103,674 38,338 142,012
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
 Males
  50–59 Years 2,580,113 632,447 12,445 316 12,762
  60–69 Years 2,591,636 986,541 13,276 324 13,600
  70–79 Years 2,108,494 1,366,288 11,661 208 11,869
  ≥80 Years 1,039,325 830,476 4116 67 4182
Total 8,319,568 3,815,752 41,498 915 42,413
 Females
  50–59 Years 3,470,551 624,008 13,626 478 14,104
  60–69 Years 2,847,547 906,558 14,095 375 14,469
  70–79 Years 2,563,061 1,422,684 13,507 298 13,805
  ≥80 Years 1,407,161 1,011,150 5312 112 5424
Total 10,288,320 3,964,400 46,540 1263 47,802
 Overall
  50–59 Years 6,050,664 1,256,455 26,209 792 27,001
  60–69 Years 5,439,183 1,893,099 27,426 697 28,124
  70–79 Years 4,671,555 2,788,972 25,102 501 25,604
  ≥80 Years 2,446,486 1,841,626 9430 178 9608
Total 18,607,888 7,780,152 88,167 2168 90,337
Congestive Heart Failure
 Males
  50–59 Years 901,813 309,556 6407 928 7335
  60–69 Years 1,093,609 452,061 6563 1020 7584
  70–79 Years 1,359,220 924,139 8239 1249 9487
  ≥80 Years 956,151 794,466 3742 559 4301
  Total 4,310,793 2,480,222 24,951 3756 28,707
 Females
  50–59 Years 783,103 218,141 5114 880 5994
  60–69 Years 1,004,064 434,919 7028 1083 8111
  70–79 Years 1,449,735 979,321 9791 1535 11,325
  ≥80 Years 1,716,177 1,411,609 7293 1151 8444
Total 4,953,079 3,043,990 29,226 4649 33,874
 Overall
  50–59 Years 1,684,916 527,697 11,634 1813 13,447
  60–69 Years 2,097,673 886,980 13,590 2107 15,697
  70–79 Years 2,808,955 1,903,460 17,972 2772 20,744
  ≥80 Years 2,672,328 2,206,075 11,033 1709 12,742
Total 9,263,872 5,524,212 54,229 8401 62,630
Diabetes
 Males
  50–59 Years 6,357,757 1,136,872 22,201 652 22,853
  60–69 Years 5,109,121 1,327,408 17,770 535 18,305
  70–79 Years 3,110,939 1,702,148 13,938 291 14,229
  ≥80 Years 1,111,108 743,942 3546 73 3619
Total 15,688,925 4,910,370 57,455 1551 59,006
 Females
  50–59 Years 5,545,897 856,217 18,801 635 19,436
  60–69 Years 4,846,946 1,185,951 17,734 543 18,276
  70–79 Years 3,287,663 1,603,639 14,515 340 14,855
  ≥80 Years 1,588,280 1,035,687 5430 104 5534
Total 15,268,786 4,681,494 56,480 1622 58,101
 Overall
  50–59 Years 11,903,654 1,993,089 41,352 1292 42,644
  60–69 Years 9,956,067 2,513,359 35,588 1078 36,666
  70–79 Years 6,398,602 3,305,787 28,432 629 29,061
  ≥80 Years 2,699,388 1,779,629 8986 177 9163
Total 30,957,711 9,591,864 114,358 3176 117,534
Fractured Hip
 Males
  50–59 Years 0 0
  60–69 Years 146,403 41,458 554 39 593
  70–79 Years 380,325 226,413 1969 118 2087
  ≥80 Years 441,705 287,456 1343 70 1412
Total 968,433 555,327 3866 227 4092
 Females
  50–59 Years 0 0
  60–69 Years 324,722 115,798 1791 88 1879
  70–79 Years 894,606 501,588 4931 267 5198
  ≥80 Years 1,814,079 1,272,571 6168 376 6544
Total 3,033,407 1,889,957 12,890 731 13,621
 Overall
  50–59 Years 0 0
  60–69 Years 471,125 157,256 2324 127 2451
  70–79 Years 1,274,931 728,001 6868 386 7254
  ≥80 Years 2,255,784 1,560,027 7509 446 7955
Total 4,001,840 2,445,284 16,701 959 17,660
Hypertension
 Males
  50–59 Years 17,589,184 2,219,853 43,583 30,454 74,037
  60–69 Years 10,044,721 2,652,896 34,384 18,925 53,310
  70–79 Years 6,329,398 3,587,473 27,980 10,942 38,922
  ≥80 Years 2,551,064 1,933,743 8767 3018 11,786
Total 36,514,367 10,393,965 114,714 63,339 178,055
 Females
  50–59 Years 15,159,062 1,560,757 34,321 28,232 62,554
  60–69 Years 10,942,927 2,570,377 37,670 21,718 59,388
  70–79 Years 8,588,794 4,388,589 36,871 16,804 53,674
  ≥80 Years 5,024,558 3,838,927 18,314 6864 25,178
Total 39,715,341 12,358,650 127,176 73,618 200,794
 Overall
  50–59 Years 32,748,246 3,780,610 77,904 58,686 136,591
  60–69 Years 20,987,648 5,223,273 72,054 40,643 112,698
  70–79 Years 14,918,192 7,976,062 64,851 27,746 92,596
  ≥80 Years 7,575,622 5,772,670 27,081 9882 36,964
Total 76,229,708 22,752,615 241,890 136,957 378,849
Myocardial Infarction
 Males
  50–59 Years 1,477,509 311,855 6054 4451 10,505
  60–69 Years 1,472,041 555,368 7866 3466 11,332
  70–79 Years 1,322,100 781,906 6584 3304 9888
  ≥80 Years 844,074 721,969 3578 1385 4963
Total 5,115,724 2,371,098 24,082 12,606 36,688
 Females
  50–59 Years 648,934 147,456 3181 2242 5422
  60–69 Years 850,883 350,042 5548 2080 7628
  70–79 Years 1,021,117 656,615 6217 2686 8903
  ≥80 Years 999,380 803,335 4090 1811 5902
Total 3,520,314 1,957,448 19,036 8819 27,855
 Overall      
  50–59 Years 2126,443 459,311 9333 6800 16,133
  60–69 Years 2,322,924 905,410 13,392 5548 18,940
  70–79 Years 2,343,217 1,438,521 12,783 5993 18,776
  ≥80 Years 1,843,454 1,525,304 7669 3193 10,861
  Total 8,636,038 4,328,546 43,177 21,534 64,710
Stroke
 Males
  50–59 Years 1,566,132 450,841 8890 2850 11,739
  60–69 Years 1,849,572 736,604 10,615 2581 13,195
  70–79 Years 2,200,265 1,326,626 10,864 3351 14,215
  ≥80 Years 1,464,604 1,019,878 4668 1380 6048
Total 7,080,573 3,533,949 35,037 10,162 45,197
 Females
  50–59 Years 1,257,018 250,971 5758 1891 7648
  60–69 Years 1,644,126 581,634 9217 2658 11,875
  70–79 Years 2,222,147 1,289,628 12,337 3357 15,694
  ≥80 Years 2,782,176 2,064,287 10,575 2794 13,370
Total 7,905,467 4,186,520 37,887 10,700 48,587
 Overall
  50–59 Years 2,823,150 701,812 14,901 4718 19,619
  60–69 Years 3,493,698 1,318,238 19,853 5224 25,077
  70–79 Years 4,422,412 2,616,254 23,174 6709 29,883
  ≥80 Years 4,246,780 3,084,165 15,239 4178 19,417
Total 14,986,040 7,720,469 73,167 20,829 93,996
  1. Note: DALYs Disability-Adjusted Life Years, YLDs Years Lived with Disease, YLLs Years of Life Lost