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Table 2 Comparison of subjects with and without intertrigo

From: Prevalence and associated factors of intertrigo in aged nursing home residents: a multi-center cross-sectional prevalence study

  No intertrigo n = 187 Intertrigo n = 36 Mean differences OR
Age, years
Mean (SD) 83.1 (8.1) 86.3 (7.4) 3.2 (95% CI 0.3 to 6.0) 1.052 (95% CI 1.004 to 1.102)
Female n (%) 125 (66.8) 26 (72.2) n.a. 1.290 (95% CI 0.585 to 2.842)
Body mass index (kg/m2)a,b
 Mean (SD) 25.2 (5.1) 25.9 (5.2) 0.8 (95% CI −1.2 to 2.7) 1.029 (95% CI 0.961 to 1.101)
 Obesity BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2, n (%) 29 (15.5) 6 (16.7) n.a. 1.084 (95% CI 0.413 to 2.845)
 BMI 18.5–29.9 kg/m2, n (%) 141 (75.4) 26 (72.2) n.a. 0.820 (95% CI 0.355 to 1.890)
 Underweight BMI < 18.5 kg/m2, n (%) 11 (5.9) 3 (8.3) n.a. 1.449 (95% CI 0.383 to 5.485)
Barthel Index total scorea
 Mean (SD) 44.9 (24.2) 46.1 (22.0) 1.2 (95% CI −7.1 to 9.5) 1.002 (95% CI 0.987 to 1.017)
Barthel Index - Bathinga
 Some help, n (%) 170 (90.9) 34 (94.4) n.a. 3.400 (95% CI 0.438 to 26.414)
 Without help, n (%) 17 (9.1) 1 (2.8) n.a. 0.294 (95% CI 0.038 to 2.285)
Barthel Index - Mobilitya
 Completely dependent, n (%) 42 (22.5) 6 (16.7) n.a. 0.714 (95% CI 0.278 to 1.835)
 Wheelchair independently, n (%) 43 (23.0) 9 (25.0) n.a. 1.159 (95% CI 0.505 to 2.661)
 Some help, n (%) 59 (31.6) 12 (33.3) n.a. 1.132 (95% CI 0.528 to 2.428)
 Without help, n (%) 43 (23.0) 8 (22.2) n.a. 0.992 (95% CI 0.420 to 2.343)
Braden scorea
 Mean (SD) 17.2 (3.8) 18.1 (3.2) 1.0 (95% CI − 0.2 to 2.2) 1.077 (95% CI 0.973 to 1.191)
Duration of residency (months)
 Median (IQR) 25.0 (13.0–52.0) 32.0 (15.3–54.0) p = 0.34
Overall Dry skin score (ODS) – trunkb
 ODS trunk 0–1, n (%) 123 (65.8) 21 (58.3) n.a. 0.717 (95% CI 0.346 to 1.486)
 ODS trunk 2–4, n (%) 63 (33.7) 15 (41.7) n.a. 1.395 (95% CI 0.673 to 2.891)
TEWL arm (g/h/m2) temperature adjusteda
 Mean (SD) 10.7 (7.5) 9.0 (4.5) −1.7 (95% CI − 3.6 to 0.2) 0.949 (95% CI 0.871 to 1.033)
Stratum corneum hydration arma
 Mean (SD) 41.0 (9.9) 42.0 (7.0) 0.9 (95% CI −1.8 to 3.7) 1.010 (95% CI 0.973 to 1.049)
pH arma,c
 Mean (SD) 5.1 (0.6) 5.2 (0.7) 0.1 (95% CI −0.2 to 0.3) 1.247 (95% CI 0.687 to 2.265)
Common concomitant diseases, ICD-10 system level 1, n (%)
 Diseases of the circulatory system (I.00–I.99) 151 (80.7) 33 (91.7) n.a. 2.623 (95% CI 0.762 to 9.031)
 Mental and behavioural disorders (F.00–F.99) 136 (72.7) 21 (58.3) n.a. 0.525 (95% CI 0.251 to 1.097)
 Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E.00–E.99) 98 (52.4) 24 (66.7) n.a. 1.816 (95% CI 0.858 to 3.845)
 Diseases of the genitourinary system (N.00–N.99) 89 (47.6) 17 (47.2) n.a. 0.985 (95% CI 0.482 to 2.013)
 Diseases of the nervous system (G.00–G.99) 83 (44.4) 16 (44.4) n.a. 1.002 (95% CI 0.489 to 2.055)
 Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (M.00–M.99) 78 (41.7) 18 (50.0) n.a. 1.397 (95% CI 0.684 to 2.857)
  1. ICD-10 International Coding of Diseases classification, n.a. not applicable, SD Standard deviation, TEWL Transepidermal water loss
  2. an = 35 (intertrigo group), bn = 181 (no intertrigo group), cn = 186 (no intertrigo group)
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