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Table 2 Cutoff value of HGS, UWS, and overall function with self-reported ADL disabilities, IADL disabilities, upper-body limitations, lower-body limitations, and higher functional limitations by gender

From: Objective physical measures and their association with subjective functional limitations in a representative study population of older Thais

  Male Female
CP Sn Sp AUC (95%CI) CP Sn Sp AUC (95%CI)
Handgrip strength
 60–69 years
  ADL disabilities 29.5 0.87 0.61 0.74
(0.740–0.744)
16.5 0.59 0.85 0.72
(0.714–0.720)
  IADL disabilities 31.3 0.63 0.60 0.62
(0.616–0.618)
21.5 0.58 0.55 0.57 (0.566–0.567)
  Upper-body limitations 28.7 0.58 0.70 0.64
(0.634–0.637)
20.8 0.56 0.55 0.55
(0.553–0.554)
  Lower-body limitations 30.0 0.61 0.62 0.62
(0.616–0.618)
20.8 0.58 0.58 0.58
(0.576–0.578)
  Higher functional limitations 30.0 0.59 0.62 0.61
(0.605–0.608)
20.8 0.57 0.55 0.56
(0.56–0.564)
 70–79 years         
  ADL disabilities 25.3 0.80 0.57 0.69
(0.685–0.689)
16.5 0.65 0.69 0.67
(0.665–0.670)
  IADL disabilities 26.4 0.64 0.64 0.64
(0.636–0.638)
19.2 0.61 0.57 0.59
(0.591–0.593)
  Upper-body limitations 25.4 0.64 0.62 0.63
(0.632–0.634)
19.1 0.65 0.50 0.58
(0.577–0.579)
  Lower-body limitations 25.5 0.63 0.63 0.63
(0.626–0.628)
18.5 0.56 0.59 0.57
(0.573–0.575)
  Higher functional limitations 25.4 0.67 0.64 0.66
(0.655–0.658)
19.1 0.65 0.52 0.59
(0.584–0.586)
Usual walking speed
 60–69 years         
  ADL disabilities 0.7 0.84 0.59 0.72
(0.713–0.720)
0.6 0.56 0.82 0.69
(0.687–0.694)
  IADL disabilities 0.9 0.84 0.23 0.53
(0.531–0.532)
0.8 0.68 0.47 0.58
(0.574–0.575)
  Upper-body limitations 0.8 0.54 0.60 0.57
(0.570–0.573)
0.7 0.76 0.43 0.59
(0.590–0.591)
  Lower-body limitations 0.8 0.57 0.61 0.59
(0.592–0.594)
0.7 0.76 0.45 0.60
(0.603–0.604)
  Higher functional limitations 0.8 0.56 0.60 0.58
(0.578–0.581)
0.7 0.78 0.43 0.60
(0.600–0.602)
 70–79 years         
  ADL disabilities 0.6 0.80 0.79 0.80
(0.796–0.801)
0.6 0.76 0.67 0.71
(0.712–0.717)
  IADL disabilities 0.8 0.68 0.47 0.58
(0.576–0.578)
0.7 0.83 0.29 0.56
(0.558–0.560)
  Upper-body limitations 0.7 0.78 0.46 0.62
(0.617–0.619)
0.7 0.84 0.26 0.55
(0.549–0.550)
  Lower-body limitations 0.7 0.72 0.45 0.58
(0.581–0.583)
0.7 0.83 0.25 0.54
(0.540–0.541)
  Higher functional limitations 0.7 0.79 0.46 0.63
(0.627–0.629)
0.7 0.84 0.25 0.54
(0.542–0.544)
Overall function
 60–69 years
  ADL disabilities 3.5 0.83 0.88 0.86
(0.854–0.860)
3.2 0.66 0.83 0.74
(0.739–0.746)
  IADL disabilities 4.3 0.52 0.70 0.61
(0.609–0.611)
4.2 0.66 0.50 0.58
(0.582–0.583)
  Upper-body limitations 4.3 0.62 0.64 0.63
(0.630–0.632)
4.0 0.60 0.56 0.58
(0.579–0.580)
  Lower-body limitations 4.2 0.61 0.64 0.63
(0.628–0.630)
4.0 0.60 0.59 0.59
(0.594–0.595)
  Higher functional limitations 4.3 0.61 0.64 0.63
(0.624–0.627)
3.7 0.48 0.70 0.59
(0.593–0.595)
 70–79 years
  ADL disabilities 2.9 0.77 0.84 0.80
(0.800–0.805)
3.0 0.68 0.71 0.70
(0.693–0.698)
  IADL disabilities 3.7 0.59 0.71 0.65
(0.653–0.655)
3.5 0.58 0.60 0.59
(0.585–0.588)
  Upper-body limitations 3.5 0.62 0.72 0.67
(0.664–0.666)
3.5 0.61 0.55 0.58
(0.577–0.579)
  Lower-body limitations 3.7 0.66 0.64 0.65
(0.648–0.651)
3.4 0.56 0.61 0.59
(0.585–0.587)
  Higher functional limitations 3.5 0.63 0.72 0.67
(0.673–0.675)
3.6 0.71 0.45 0.58
(0.579–0.581)
  1. CP cutoff point, Sn sensitivity, Sp specificity, AUC area under curve, ADL activities of daily living, IADL instrumental activities of daily living