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Table 3 Association of baseline characteristics with medication management outcome practice (n = 386)

From: Factors predicting home medication management practices among chronically ill older population of selected districts of Nepal

Independent variables Medication management practice P-value
Inappropriate Appropriate
aAge (years) 69(12) 67(10) 0.176
Gender Male 179(79.2) 47(20.8) 0.714
Female 130(81.2) 30(18.8)
Level of education Never went to school 186(81.9) 41(18.1) 0.256
Primary 73(81.1) 17(18.9)
Secondary 26(68.4) 12(31.6)
Higher secondary 17(70.8) 7(29.2)
Graduation and above 7(100) 0
Marital status Married 200(78.4) 55(21.6) 0.329
Single 109(83.2) 22(16.8)
Types of disease Asthma 40(88.9) 5(11.1) 0.225
Diabetes 56(82.4) 12(17.6)
Hypertension 93(73.8) 33(26.2)
Rheumatic arthritis 10(71.4) 4(28.6)
Other disease 49(84.5) 9(15.5)
Multiple diseases 61(81.3) 14(18.7)
Duration of disease < 1 years 18(62.1) 11(37.9) 0.002*
1–2 years 46(71.9) 18(28.1)
2–3 years 62(82.7) 13(17.3)
> 3 years 183(83.9) 35(16.1)
Alcohol consumption Yes 55(83.3) 11(16.7) 0.573
No 254(79.4) 66(20.6)
Smoking Yes 82(86.3) 13(13.7) 0.107
No 227(78.0) 64(22.0)
Chewing tobacco Yes 42(79.2) 11(20.8) 1.000
No 267(80.2) 66(19.8)
Go for morning/evening walk or do yoga Yes 149(78.8) 40(21.2) 0.647
No 160(81.2) 37(18.8)
  1. The values in the column ‘Appropriate’ and ‘Inappropriate’ of the outcome variable inside the small bracket are the percentage within independent variables and those outside the bracket are the count per total unless otherwise marked in variable. aMedian(IQR)& Mann-Whitney U test, *Significant at P < 0.05 and where not marked chi-square test was performed