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Table 4 Risk factors of mood disorder of gender

From: Association between health behaviors and mood disorders among the elderly: a community-based cohort study

Variables OR (95% CI)
Male Female
Demographic variables
 Education
  Master’s and above 0.893 (0.82 to 0.97)* 0.868 (0.71 to 1.06)
  University 0.938 (0.9 to 0.98)* 0.91 (0.84 to 0.98)*
  Vocational school 0.958 (0.91 to 1.02) 0.962 (0.88 to 1.05)
  Junior high school 0.983 (0.94 to 1.03) 0.966 (0.9 to 1.03)
  Senior high school 1.009 (0.95 to 1.07) 0.958 (0.9 to 1.03)
  Self-taught 0.926 (0.82 to 1.04) 0.992 (0.93 to 1.06)
  Illiterate 1.071 (0.97 to 1.19) 0.979 (0.87 to 1.1)
  Elementary school   
 Marital status
  Widowed 1.069 (1.01 to 1.13)* 1.006 (0.97 to 1.05)
  Divorced 1.386 (1.19 to 1.61)* 1.063 (0.91 to 1.24)
  Married--living separately 1.026 (0.93 to 1.13) 0.982 (0.86 to 1.12)
  Cohabitating 0.997 (0.77 to 1.3) 0.852 (0.68 to 1.07)
  Unmarried 1.026 (0.96 to 1.1) 0.91 (0.84 to 0.99)*
  Married--living together   
 Drinking milk
  No 1.111 (1.08 to 1.14)* 1.125 (1.09 to 1.16)*
  Yes   
 Eating at least three servings of vegetables and two of fruits
  No 1.69 (1.63 to 1.76)* 1.885 (1.8 to 1.97)*
  Yes   
 Long-term medication
  No 0.606 (0.59 to 0.63)* 0.538 (0.52 to 0.56)*
  Yes   
 Smoking frequency
  Smoking after meals 0.981 (0.93 to 1.04) 0.902 (0.79 to 1.03)
  Daily smoking 1.179 (1.02 to 1.37)* 1.026 (0.71 to 1.48)
  Non-smoking   
 Alcohol frequency
  Occasionally drinking 0.956 (0.93 to 0.99)* 0.956 (0.9 to 1.01)
  Daily drinking 0.981 (0.9 to 1.07) 0.719 (0.57 to 0.91)*
  Non-drinking   
 Frequency of physical activity
  Occasional 0.978 (0.92 to 1.04) 0.942 (0.89 to 1)
  Three to five times per week 0.966 (0.92 to 1.02) 0.928 (0.88 to 0.98)*
  Never   
 Age
   > 85 0.964 (0.91 to 1.02) 0.98 (0.91 to 1.06)
  80–84 0.949 (0.91 to 0.99)* 0.985 (0.93 to 1.05)
  75–79 0.988 (0.95 to 1.03) 0.999 (0.95 to 1.05)
  70–74 1.012 (0.97 to 1.06) 0.993 (0.95 to 1.04)
  65–69   
Number of chronic diseases 1.008 (0.99 to 1.02) 1.029 (1.01 to 1.05)*
 Biochemical value
  Cholesterol 1 (1 to 1) 1 (1 to 1)
  1. * p-value <0.05
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