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Table 3 Risk factors of mood disorder

From: Association between health behaviors and mood disorders among the elderly: a community-based cohort study

Variable Beta (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI)
Demographic variables
 Education
  Master’s and above −0.129 (−0.2 to −0.06) .001 0.879 (0.82 to 0.95)
  University −0.077 (− 0.11 to − 0.04) .001 0.926 (0.89 to 0.96)
  Vocational school − 0.044 (− 0.09 to 0) .051 0.957 (0.92 to 1)
  Junior high school −0.025 (− 0.06 to 0.01) .147 0.976 (0.94 to 1.01)
  Senior high school −0.019 (− 0.06 to 0.02) .324 0.981 (0.95 to 1.02)
  Self-taught − 0.039 (− 0.12 to 0.04) .341 0.962 (0.89 to 1.04)
  Illiterate 0.025 (−0.03 to 0.08) .363 1.025 (0.97 to 1.08)
  Elementary school    
 Gender
  Male −0.559 (−0.59 to − 0.53) .001 0.572 (0.56 to 0.59)
  Female    
 Marital status
  Widowed 0.026 (−0.01 to 0.06) .125 1.027 (0.99 to 1.06)
  Divorced 0.199 (0.09 to 0.31) .001 1.22 (1.09 to 1.36)
  Married--living separately 0.004 (−0.08 to 0.08) .931 1.004 (0.93 to 1.09)
  Cohabitating −0.107 (− 0.28 to 0.07) .222 0.899 (0.76 to 1.07)
  Unmarried −0.027 (− 0.08 to 0.03) .328 0.974 (0.92 to 1.03)
  Married--living together    
 Drinking milk
  No 0.111 (0.09 to 0.13) .001 1.117 (1.09 to 1.14)
  Yes    
 Eating at least three servings of vegetables and two of fruits
  No 0.578 (0.55 to 0.61) .001 1.782 (1.73 to 1.83)
  Yes    
 Long-term medication
  No −0.561 (−0.58 to −0.54) .001 0.571 (0.56 to 0.58)
  Yes    
 Smoking frequency
  Smoking after meals −0.034 (−0.09 to 0.02) .193 0.966 (0.92 to 1.02)
  Daily smoking 0.142 (0.01 to 0.28) .041 1.152 (1.01 to 1.32)
  Non-smoking    
 Alcohol frequency
  Occasionally drinking −0.046 (−0.08 to − 0.02) .002 0.955 (0.93 to 0.98)
  Daily drinking −0.067 (− 0.15 to 0.01) .098 0.935 (0.86 to 1.01)
  Non-drinking    
 The frequency of physical activity
  Occasionally −0.046 (−0.09 to − 0.01) .024 0.955 (0.92 to 0.99)
  Three to five times per week −0.059 (− 0.1 to − 0.02) .002 0.942 (0.91 to 0.98)
  Never    
 Age
   > 85 −0.032 (− 0.08 to 0.01) .160 0.968 (0.93 to 1.01)
  80–84 −0.042 (− 0.08 to − 0.01) .022 0.959 (0.93 to 0.99)
  75–79 − 0.008 (− 0.04 to 0.03) .650 0.993 (0.96 to 1.03)
  70–74 0.001 (− 0.03 to 0.03) .940 1.001 (0.97 to 1.03)
  65–69    
Number of chronic diseases 0.021 (0.01 to 0.03) .002 1.02 (1.01 to 1.03)
 Biochemical value
  Cholesterol 0.001 (0.001–0.001) .014 1.00 (1.00–1.00)
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