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Table 2 Analyses on background characteristics for different domains of frailty

From: A cross sectional study on the different domains of frailty for independent living older adults

Background characteristics Total n = 1768 Respondents (%/SD) Missing (%) 0
n = 550 (31.1%)
1
n = 147 (8.3%)
2
n = 132 (7.5%)
3
n = 325 (18.4%)
4
n = 107 (6.1%)
5
n = 100 (5.7%)
6
n = 225 (12.7%)
7
n = 182 (10.3%)
Mean Age (SD)**
Range: 65–99
78.7 (6.4) 35 (2.0) 78.19 (6.2) 80.86 (6.2) 78.22 (6.0) 78.83 (6.3) 78.33 (6.7) 80.44 (6.7) 77.26 (6.3) 79.67 (6.8)
Posthoc analysis shows significant differences for: 0–1**, 0–5*, 1–2*, 1–3*, 3–4**, 1–6*, 5–7*
 65–74* 485 (27.4)   153 (33.4) 22 (4.8) 33 (7.2) 81 (17.7) 34 (7.4) 17 (3.7) 78 (17.0) 40 (8.7)
 75–79 464 (26.3)   153 (33.0) 36 (7.8) 39 (8.4) 84 (18.1) 23 (5.0) 26 (5.6) 55 (11.9) 48 (10.3)
 80+ 811 (45.9)   232 (28.6) 87 (10.7) 57 (7.0) 153 (18.9) 48 (5.9) 54 (6.7) 87 (10.7) 93 (11.5)
Posthoc analysis shows differences compared to the expected for: 65–74: 1 (−), 6 (+), 80+: 1 (+)
 Gender (female)** 1221 (69.1) 0 310 (56.4) 86 (58.5) 83 (62.9) 267 (82.8) 64 (59.8) 81 (81.0) 180 (80.0) 151 (83.0)
Posthoc analysis shows differences compared to the expected for: male: 0, female: 3,6,7
 Marital status**   6 (0.3)         
  Widowed 904 (51.1)   201 (36.5) 53 (36.1) 43 (32.6) 234 (72.0) 23 (21.5) 70 (70.0) 158 (70.2) 122 (67.0)
  Married 573 (32.4)   265 (48.2) 86 (58.5) 76 (57.6) 20 (6.2) 73 (68.2) 6 (6.0) 22 (9.8) 25 (13.7)
  Divorced 179 (10.1)   49 (8.9) 5 (3.4) 9 (6.8) 41 (12.6) 8 (7.6) 14 (14.0) 27 (12.0) 26 (14.3)
  Other 106 (5.9)   33 (6.0) 3 (2.1) 4 (3.0) 28 (8.6) 3 (2.9) 9 (9.0) 18 (8.0) 8 (4.3)
Posthoc analysis shows differences compared to the expected for: widowed: 0 (−), 1 (−), 2 (−), 3 (+), 4 (−), 5 (+), 6 (+), 7 (+)| Married: 0 (+), 1 (+), 2 (+), 3 (−), 4 (+), 5 (−), 6 (−), 7(−) | Divorced: 1 (−) | other 1 (−)
 Living situation**a   12 (0.7)         
  Independent alone 1151 (65.1)   262 (47.6) 56 (38.1) 50 (37.9) 309 (95.1) 31 (29.0) 93 (93.0) 201 (89.3) 149 (81.9)
  Independent with others 579 (32.7)   280 (50.9) 85 (57.8) 79 (59.8) 14 (4.3) 76 (71.0) 5 (5.0) 19 (8.4) 21 (11.5)
  Independent living with possible assistance 25 (1.4)   5 (0.9) 5 (3.4) 1 (0.8) 0 0 2 (2.0) 3 (1.3) 10 (5.5)
Posthoc analysis shows differences compared to the expected for: Independent alone: 0 (−), 1 (−), 2 (−), 3 (+), 4 (−), 5 (+), 6 (+), 7(+) | Independent with others: 0 (+), 1 (+), 2 (+), 3 (−), 4 (+), 5 (−), 6 (−), 7 (−)
 Income (Lower than €1200 net per month) 598 (33.8) 137 (7.7) 160 (29.1) 44 (29.9) 40 (30.3) 120 (36.9) 43 (40.2) 40 (40) 76 (33.8) 75 (41.2)
  Health perception**   8 (0.5)         
  Excellent/very good 219 (12.4)   121 (22) 2 (1.4) 11 (15.6) 62 (19) 0 3 (3) 19 (8.4) 1 (0.5)
  Good 611 (34.6)   247 (44.9) 36 (24.5) 57 (43.2) 145 (44.6) 11 (10.3) 17 (17) 81 (36) 17 (9.3)
  Reasonable/bad 930 (52.6)   178 (32.4) 108 (73.5) 64 (48.5) 117 (36) 95 (88.8) 80 (80) 124 (55.2) 164 (90.1)
Posthoc analysis shows differences compared to the expected for: excellent very good: 0 (+), 1 (−), 3 (−), 4 (−), 5 (−), 7 (−) | good: 0 (+), 1 (−), 3 (+), 4 (−), 5 (−), 7 (−) | reasonable/bad: 0 (−), 1 (+), 3 (−), 4 (+), 5 (+), 7 (+)
 Number of conditions** (Range: 0–11) 2.61 (1.85) Unknown 1.9 (1.4) 3.6 (1.7) 2.3 (1.5) 1.9 (1.3) 4.1 (1.8) 3.6 (1.8) 2.3 (1.6) 4.5 (2.0)
Posthoc analysis shows significant differences for: 0–1**, 0–4**, 0–5**, 0–6*, 0–7**, 1–2**, 1–3**, 1–6**, 1–7**, 2–4**, 2–5**, 2–7**, 3–4**, 3–5**, 3–6*, 3–7**, 4–6**, 5–6**, 5–7**, 6–7**
 ADL problems (Range: 0–15)** 2.2 (2.5) 51 (2.9) 1.08 (1.7) 4.0 (3.2) 1.6 (2.0) 1.3 (1.5) 4.9 (3.3) 3.5 (2.1) 1.6 (1.7) 4.1 (2.6)
Posthoc analysis shows significant differences for: 0–1*, 0–4**, 0–5**, 0–7**, 1–2**, 1–3**, 1–4*, 1–6**, 2–4**, 2–5**, 2–7**, 3–4**, 3–5**, 3–7**, 4–5**,4–6**, 5–6**, 6–7**
Help or assistance at home
 Home care** 762 (43.1) 23 (1.4) 145 (26.4) 82 (55.8) 43 (32.6) 129 (39.7) 66 (61.7) 71 (71.0) 90 (40.0) 136 (74.7)
Posthoc analysis shows differences compared to the expected for: 0 (−), 1 (+), 4 (+), 5 (+), 7 (+)
 Informal care** 360 (20.4) 28 (2.9) 74 (13.5) 63 (42.9) 25 (18.9) 35 (10.8) 49 (45.8) 25 (25) 22 (9.8) 67 (36.8)
Posthoc analysis shows differences compared to the expected for: 0 (−), 1 (+), 3 (−), 4 (+), 6 (−), 7 (+)
  1. Not frail for all domains (0), Physical frail (1), psychological frail (2), social frail (3), Physical and psychological (4), Physical and social (5), Psychological and social (6), Frail on all three domains (7)
  2. a The group ‘Independent living with possible assistance’ has been left out of the analysis because the group was too small
  3. *Analysis shows a significance between 0,05-0,001
  4. **Analysis shows a significance lower than 0,00