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Table 2 Perceived discrimination by sociodemographic characteristics (ELSI-Brazil/2015–2016)

From: Perceived discrimination among older adults living in urban and rural areas in Brazil: a national study (ELSI-Brazil)

  Sex (n) Age (years) (n) Ethno racial self-classification (n) Educational attainment (years) (n)
Female (5314) Male (4098) 50–59 (3980) 60–69 (2875) 70–79 (1781) 80+ (776) White (3590) Black (887) Brown (4283) Yellow/Indigenous (310) <  4 (3463) 4–7 (2845) 8+ (3042)
% % % %
Perceived discrimination (any) 17.6 15.8 18.5 17.5 13.6 8.8* 14.3 21.9 17.7 26.2* 14.4 17.9 18.0*
 In seeking health care 11.4 10.5 11.5 11.8 9.9 6.4* 9.2 13.9 11.8 17.3* 10.5 11.7 10.9
 In social gatherings 3.2 3.1 3.6 3.2 2.7 0.8* 2.1 6.2 3.3 5.0* 2.7 2.7 3.9*
 In the work place 2.3 2.7 3.6 2.1 0.7 0.2* 2.0 3.0 2.6 4.8 1.3 2.4 3.6*
 Within the family 4.6 2.5* 3.8 3.9 3.5 2.0 3.4 3.3 3.8 5.1 3.5 4.1 3.3
 Due to where live 3.8 3.2 3.8 4.0 3.0 0.8* 2.6 4.8 4.0 7.0* 3.2 3.5 4.0
  1. * = Significant difference (p < 0.05)