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Table 1 Age and sex-adjusted prevalence of descriptive statistics, by place of residence (ELSI-Brazil/2015–2016)

From: Perceived discrimination among older adults living in urban and rural areas in Brazil: a national study (ELSI-Brazil)

  Urban Rural Total
N (unweighted) 7912 1471 9383
% (weighted) 84.7 15.3 100.0
Aged 50–59 years1 48.0 46.0 47.7
60–69 years1 29.4 30.9 29.6
70–79 years1 15.4 16.9 15.6
80+ years1 7.2 6.2 7.1
Female1 53.9 54.3 53.9
Male1 46.2 45.7 46.1
White* 44.1 35.2 42.7
Black* 9.3 11.9 9.7
Brown* 43.8 49.7 44.7
Yellow 1.1 1.0 1.1
Indigenous 1.8 2.3 1.9
Educational attainment (< 4 years)* 28.5 56.8 32.8
4–7 years 31.3 32.2 31.4
8+ years* 40.2 10.8 35.7
Lowest household wealth (3 lowest quartiles)* 71.5 94.2 75.0
Highest household wealth (top quartile)* 28.5 5.8 25.0
Few health problems2 35.6 36.1 35.7
Some health problems2 32.3 31.9 32.2
Many health problems2 32.0 32.1 32.0
Low social trust* 19.1 15.0 18.5
Medium social trust* 26.3 30.0 26.9
High social trust 54.6 54.9 54.6
Perceived discrimination (any)* 17.6 12.2 16.8
 In seeking health care* 11.4 8.7 11.0
 In social gatherings 3.3 2.5 3.1
 In the work place* 2.7 1.1 2.5
 Within the family* 3.8 2.6 3.6
 Due to where live * 3.7 2.3 3.5
  1. 1=Non-adjusted. * = significant difference between urban and rural (p < 0.05). 2Composite measure obtained through principal components analysis, from the following variables: self-rated health, number of the last 30 days spent in poor mental and/or physical health, and history of medical diagnosis from a list of 12 prevalent chronic diseases/conditions. Results took into account complex sample design and sample weights