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Table 1 Definition of metabolic syndromea

From: Associations of the metabolic syndrome and its components with cognitive impairment in older adults

Component Standard criteriab Criteria used in present study
Elevated waist circumference Population- and country-specific definitions BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2
Elevated TG TG ≥ 150 mg/dL (1.7 mmol/L), or drug treatment Fasting TG ≥150 mg/dl (1.7 mmol/L)
Reduced HDL-C HDL-C < 40 mg/dL (1.0 mmol/L) in males; HDL-C < 50 mg/dl (1.3 mmol/L) in females; or drug treatment HDL-C < 40 mg/dl (1.0 mmol/L) in males
HDL-C < 50 mg/dl (1.3 mmol/L) in females
Elevated blood pressure Systolic ≥130 and/or diastolic ≥85 mmHg, or drug treatment Hypertension based on self-report and/or local hospital records
Elevated glucose ≥100 mg/dL in plasma, or drug treatment 1. Fasting blood glucosec ≥100 mg/dL (5.5 mmol/L) (if not fasted, HbA1c ≥42 mmol/mold)
and/or
2. Diabetes based on self-report and/or local hospital records
  1. aThe metabolic syndrome is defined as the presence of at least 3 of the 5 components
  2. bConsensus statement [15]
  3. cGlucose measured in serum (nearly identical to plasma; [59])
  4. dIn the present sample, all participants were fasted