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Table 5 Drug use in people living in a nursing home or at home by age groups

From: Drug use differs by care level. A cross-sectional comparison between older people living at home or in a nursing home in Oslo, Norway

Drug groups Age 70–79 years n = 27,610 Age 80–89 years n = 18,668 Age ≥ 90 years n = 4979 Chi-square test for trend in proportion
H NH   H NH   H NH   p-valuea p-valueb
% % RR (95% CI) % % RR (95% CI) % % RR (95% CI)
Opioids 20.4 51.0 2.5 (2.2, 2.8) 25.0 42.8 1.7 (1.6, 1.8) 28.4 48.5 1.7 (1.6, 1.9) <  0.01 0.71
Paracetamol 14.0 68.3 4.9 (4.5, 5.3) 21.7 70.0 3.2 (3.1, 3.4) 31.6 75.5 2.4 (2.3, 2.6) <  0.01 <  0.01
Antiepileptic drugs 3.9 20.8 5.4 (4.3, 6.8) 4.2 9.4 2.2 (1.8, 2.7) 3.5 6.0 1.7 (1.3, 2.4) 0.84 <  0.01
Dopaminergic agents 1.4 7.4 5.3 (3.5, 7.9) 1.6 4.7 2.9 (2.1, 3.8) 1.0 2.0 2.2 (1.3, 3.7) 0.48 <  0.01
Antipsychotics 3.8 25.0 6.7 (5.5, 8.2) 4.3 18.4 4.3 (3.7, 5.0) 4.4 13.5 3.1 (2.5, 3.8) <  0.01 <  0.01
Anxiolytics 14.7 54.5 3.7 (3.3, 4.1) 17.8 49.6 2.8 (2.6, 3.0) 19.8 45.2 1.8 (1.6, 1.9) <  0.01 <  0.01
Hypnotics/sedatives 24.0 48.1 2.0 (1.8, 2.3) 33.1 49.7 1.5 (1.4, 1.6) 41.0 49.0 1.2 (1.1, 1.3) <  0.01 0.95
Antidepressants 10.1 39.7 4.0 (3.4, 4.6) 12.5 33.8 2.7 (2.5, 3.0) 13.3 26.8 2.0 (1.8, 2.3) <  0.01 <  0.01
Antidementia drugs 1.1 13.5 12.4 (9.2, 16.8) 3.1 15.3 16.1 (14.1, 18.5) 3.4 6.7 2.0 (1.5, 2.6) <  0.01 <  0.01
Cardiac glycosides 1.8 2.9 1.6 (0.9, 3.1) 4.6 5.0 1.1 (0.8, 1.4) 7.1 7.7 1.1 (0.8, 1.4) <  0.01 <  0.01
Cardiac nitrates 5.1 9.9 1.0 (1.0, 1.0) 9.7 12.9 1.0 (1.0, 1.0) 14.6 19.8 0.9 (0.9, 1.0) <  0.01 <  0.01
Loop diuretics 8.3 25.3 3.1 (2.5, 3.7) 18.4 27.9 1.5 (1.4, 1.7) 33.1 37.7 1.1 (1.0, 1.3) <  0.01 <  0.01
Other diuretics 5.7 2.2 0.4 (0.2, 0.8) 7.8 2.4 0.3 (0.2, 0.5) 8.4 3.6 0.4 (0.3, 0.6) <  0.01 0.12
Beta-blockers 25.3 21.2 0.8 (0.7, 1.0) 33.2 25.0 0.8 (0.7, 0.8) 37.6 25.8 0.7 (0.6, 0.8) <  0.01 0.14
Calcium channel blockers 17.6 6.4 0.4 (0.2, 0.6) 21.9 9.9 0.5 (0.4, 0.5) 23.1 9.0 0.4 (0.3, 0.5) <  0.01 0.42
Renin–angiotensin 40.1 20.8 0.5 (0.4, 0.6) 42.7 19.3 0.5 (0.4, 0.5) 40.6 17.0 0.4 (0.4, 0.5) <  0.01 0.09
Statins 37.0 14.4 0.4 (0.3, 0.5) 35.2 5.9 0.2 (0.1, 0.2) 20.0 2.9 0.1 (0.1, 0.2) <  0.01 <  0.01
Antithrombotic agents 41.7 39.4 0.9 (0.8, 1.1) 53.9 45.9 0.9 (0.8, 0.9) 58.5 43.5 0.7 (0.7, 0.8) <  0.01 0.60
Inhalators 18.5 25.1 1.0 (1.0, 1.0) 17.9 20.8 1.0 (1.0, 1.0) 11.6 15.0 0.9 (0.9, 1.0) <  0.01 <  0.01
Corticosteroids3 9.6 6.4 0.7 (0.4, 1.0) 11.4 8.1 0.7 (0.6, 0.9) 9.4 5.1 0.5 (0.4, 0.7) <  0.01 0.08
Antihistamines3 12.7 9.3 0.7 (0.5, 1.0) 10.7 8.5 0.8 (0.6, 1.0) 8.8 7.6 0.9 (0.7, 1.1) <  0.01 0.28
Drugs for peptic ulcer 15.8 24.7 1.6 (1.3, 1.9) 19.0 20.8 1.1 (1.0, 1.2) 18.7 20.9 1.1 (1.0, 1.3) <  0.01 0.27
Antidiabetics 11.4 16.3 1.4 (1.1, 1.8) 9.2 10.3 1.1 (0.9, 1.4) 5.9 6.0 1.0 (0.8, 1.3) <  0.01 <  0.01
Osteoporosis drugs 5.1 0.3 0.1 (0.0, 0.4) 8.2 3.0 0.4 (0.3, 0.5) 7.8 1.7 0.2 (0.1, 0.4) <  0.01 0.70
NSAIDs 23.6 6.1 0.3 (0.2, 0.4) 18.1 5.2 0.3 (0.2, 0.4) 12.7 5.6 0.4 (0.3, 0.6) <  0.01 0.93
  1. H (home population), NH (nursing home population). RR (relative risk with 95% confidence interval and the population living at home as the reference group)
  2. Number of people in each age group: 70–79 years (NH = 311; H = 27, 299), 80–89 years (NH = 1023; H = 17, 645) and ≥ 90 years (NH = 979; H = 4, 000)
  3. aChi-squared test for trend in proportion of drug usage at home
  4. bChi-squared test for trend in proportion of drug usage in nursing homes