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Table 4 Drug use in women and men living in a nursing home or at home

From: Drug use differs by care level. A cross-sectional comparison between older people living at home or in a nursing home in Oslo, Norway

Drug groups Women (n = 31,078) Men (n = 20,152) Women vs men
H NH   H NH   H NH
% % RRa (95% CI) % % RRa (95% CI) RRb (95% CI) RRb (95% CI)
Opioids 25.7 48.6 2.3 (2.2, 2.4) 18.3 38.7 2.2 (2.0, 2.5) 1.2 (1.2, 1.2) 1.1 (1.1, 1.2)
Paracetamol 22.4 73.6 3.3 (3.2, 3.4) 12.0 67.7 5.9 (5.5, 6.3) 1.3 (1.3, 1.3) 1.1 (1.0, 1.2)
Antiepileptic drugs 4.1 8.5 2.1 (1.8, 2.5) 3.9 12.6 3.4 (2.7, 4.3) 1.0 (1.0, 1.1) 0.9 (0.8, 1.0)
Dopaminergic agents 1.2 3.2 2.6 (2.0, 3.4) 1.8 6.3 3.7 (2.7, 5.2) 0.8 (0.8, 1.0) 0.8 (0.7, 1.0)
Antipsychotics 4.7 17.1 3.7 (3.3, 4.1) 2.9 17.5 6.2 (5.1, 7.6) 1.2 (1.1, 1.2) 1.0 (0.9, 1.1)
Anxiolytics 20.1 49.2 2.5 (2.3, 2.6) 10.5 45.9 4.6 (4.1, 5.0) 1.3 (1.2, 1.3) 1.0 (1.0, 1.1)
Hypnotics/sedatives 34.3 49.1 1.4 (1.4, 1.5) 20.2 49.5 2.6 (2.3, 2.8) 1.3 (1.2, 1.3) 1.0 (1.0, 1.1)
Antidepressants 13.8 33.0 2.4 (2.2, 2.6) 7.3 27.7 3.9 (3.4, 4.5) 1.3 (1.2, 1.3) 1.1 (1.0, 1.1)
Antidementia drugs 2.2 10.8 5.0 (4.3, 5.8) 1.8 13.7 8.0 (6.4, 0.1) 1.1 (1.0, 1.1) 0.9 (0.9, 1.0)
Cardiac glycosides 3.2 5.7 1.8 (1.5, 2.2) 3.2 5.9 1.9 (1.4, 2.7) 1.0 (1.0, 1.0) 1.0 (0.9, 1.1)
Cardiac nitrates 7.1 15.8 2.2 (2.0, 2.5) 8.2 14.1 1.8 (1.5, 2.2) 0.9 (0.9, 1.0) 1.0 (1.0, 1.1)
Loop diuretics 14.7 32.2 2.2 (2.0, 2.4) 12.9 29.9 2.4 (2.1, 2.8) 1.1 (1.0, 1.1) 1.0 (1.0, 1.1)
Other diuretics 7.5 3.0 0.4 (0.3, 0.5) 5.3 2.3 0.5 (0.3, 0.8) 1.2 (1.1, 1.2) 1.1 (0.9, 1.2)
Beta-blockers 27.1 25.1 0.9 (0.9, 1.0) 32.1 23.6 0.8 (0.7, 0.9) 0.9 (0.9, 0.9) 1.0 (1.0, 1.1)
Calcium channel blockers 19.2 9.5 0.5 (0.4, 0.6) 20.1 7.6 0.4 (0.3, 0.5) 1.0 (0.9, 1.0) 1.1 (1.0, 1.1)
Renin–angiotensin 40.1 17.9 0.4 (0.4, 0.5) 42.6 20.7 0.5 (0.4, 0.6) 1.0 (0.9, 1.0) 1.0 (0.9, 1.0)
Statins 31.8 4.7 0.1 (0.1, 0.2) 39.7 9.2 0.2 (0.2, 0.3) 0.9 (0.8, 0.9) 0.8 (0.7, 0.9)
Antithrombotic agents 42.7 42.0 1.0 (0.9, 1.0) 54.6 50.1 1.0 (0.9, 1.0) 0.8 (0.8, 0.8) 0.9 (0.9, 1.0)
Inhalators 18.6 17.8 1.0 (1.0, 1.1) 16.5 23.1 1.0 (1.0, 1.0) 1.1 (1.0, 1.1) 0.9 (0.9, 1.0)
Corticosteroids 11.1 6.3 0.6 (0.5, 0.7) 8.9 7.4 0.9 (0.6, 1.2) 1.1 (1.1, 1.1) 1.0 (0.9, 1.1)
Antihistamines 13.6 7.6 0.6 (0.5, 0.7) 8.7 9.9 1.2 (0.9, 1.5) 1.2 (0.2, 1.2) 0.9 (0.8, 1.0)
Drugs for peptic ulcer 18.2 21.7 1.2 (1.1, 1.3) 15.7 20.0 1.3 (1.1, 1.6) 1.1 (1.1, 1.1) 1.0 (1.0, 1.1)
Antidiabetics 8.5 8.6 1.0 (0.9, 1.2) 12.8 11.7 0.9 (0.7, 1.2) 0.8 (0.8, 0.8) 0.9 (0.8, 1.0)
Osteoporosis drugs 9.8 2.6 0.3 (0.2, 0.4) 1.4 0.7 0.5 (0.2, 1.4) 1.6 (1.6, 1.0) 1.2 (1.1, 1.3)
NSAIDs 22.7 5.6 0.6 (0.5, 0.7) 17.8 5.2 0.3 (0.2, 0.4) 1.1 (1.0, 1.1) 1.0 (0.9, 1.1)
  1. H (home population), NH (nursing home population). RR (relative risk with 95% confidence interval)
  2. Number of women (H = 29,326, NH = 1752) and men (H = 19,618, NH = 554)
  3. aRR values calculated using the home population as the reference group
  4. bRR values calculated using women as the reference group