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Table 3 Use of particular drugs in older people living in a nursing home or at home

From: Drug use differs by care level. A cross-sectional comparison between older people living at home or in a nursing home in Oslo, Norway

Drugs (ATC-5th level)a Drug use prevalence (%) Relative Risk (RR)
H (n = 48,944) NH (n = 2313) 95% CI p-value
Morphine 0.3 4.5 13.7 (10.7, 17.4) <0.01
Oxycodone 1.8 10.1 5.7 (4.9, 6.5) <0.01
Fentanyl 0.5 6.2 12.4 (1.1, 15.2) <0.01
Buprenorphine 1.1 11.9 10.7 (9.3, 12.3) <0.01
Codeine analgesics 17.3 17.5 1.0 (0.9, 1.1) 0.75
Tramadol 6.8 12.5 1.8 (1.6, 2.1) <0.01
Haloperidol 0.3 4.1 15.8 (12.1, 20.6) <0.01
Clozapine, olanzapine, quetiapine 0.8 5.3 6.9 (5.6, 8.4) <0.01
Risperidone 0.4 5.4 14.0 (11.2, 17.5) <0.01
Oxazepam 7.7 41.7 5.5 (5.2, 5.8) <0.01
Diazepam 8.1 8.6 1.1 (0.9, 1.2) 0.35
Zopiclone, zolpidem 27.3 39.8 1.5 (1.4, 1.5) <0.01
Clomethiazole 0.1 8.5 68.8 (51.8, 91.4) <0.01
Citalopram, escitalopram sertraline, paroxetine 6.4 19.7 3.1 (2.9, 3.4) <0.01
Mianserin, mirtazapine, venlafaxine 4.6 14.8 3.2 (2.9 3.6) <0.01
Donepezil, rivastigmine, galantamine 1.8 5.7 3.2 (2.7, 3.9) <0.01
Memantine 0.4 5.7 15.0 (12.1, 18.7) <0.01
  1. H (home population), NH (nursing home population). RR (relative risk with 95% confidence interval and p-value and the population living at home as the reference group)
  2. aDrugs with prevalence rates ≥4% in at least one of the populations