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Table 3 Secondary outcome measures for informal caregivers

From: The (cost-) effectiveness of exergaming in people living with dementia and their informal caregivers: protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Outcome Outcome measure Recorded by Timing
Baseline 3 months 6 months 0–6 months (ongoing)
Physical functioning of the participant living with dementia Physical Activity Scale of the Elderly (PASE) [67] Researcher during interview X X X  
Fall incident rate of the participant with dementia during the past 3 months Custom-developed registration form Informal caregiver X X X  
- Behaviour and mood of the participant living with dementia
- Emotional burden for the informal caregiver
Neuropsychiatric Inventory-Questionnaire (NPI-Q) [75, 76] Researcher during interview X X X  
For both informal caregiver and participant with dementia:
- Demographics and personal characteristics
- Physical functioning
- Cognitive functioning
- Social functioning
- Emotional functioning
- Quality of life
- Healthcare costs
Experiences of the informal caregiver
The Older Persons and Informal Caregivers Survey Minimum DataSet (TOPICS-MDS informal caregiver) including EuroQol five dimensions questionnaire with five-level scale (EQ-5D-5 L) [72,73,74] Researcher during interview X X X  
Subjective burden for the informal caregiver Short Sense of Competence Questionnaire (SSCQ) [77] Researcher during interview X X X  
Positive care experiences of the informal caregiver Scale of Positive Experiences (Positieve Ervaringen Schaal (PES)) [78] Researcher during interview X X X  
- Healthcare costs
- Unexpected (Adverse) Events, falls and reasons of (potential) drop out
(Care) diaries (one for the participant living with dementia, one for the informal caregiver) Informal caregiver     X
Experience of the participant living with dementia with sports/cycling, technology and digital games in the past Separate questions Researcher during interview X