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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: Limited evidence for diagnosing bacterial skin infections in older adults in primary care: systematic review

Author, year and country Study type Study setting Number of participants Age (years) Index tests Reference Test
Heudorf et al. 2012
Germany [34]
Cross-sectional Nursing homes 3732 11% under 65 years Incontinence
Disorientation
Wounds
Pressure sores
Adapted McGeer criteria; physician diagnosis of infection was included as a criterion to avoid under-estimation of the infection rate due to lack of on-site diagnostic testing.
Magaziner et al. 1991 USA [35] Cross-sectional Long term care facilities/Nursing homes 4259 > 65 Incontinence
Skin ulcer
A combination of symptoms/signs/lab investigations. Not all patients had a bacterial skin culture.
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