Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Results of the multivariate regression model for the prediction of longitudinal change in QOL ratings

From: Change in quality of life and potentially associated factors in patients receiving home-based primary care: a prospective cohort study

Variables QOL scores (Self-perceived) QOL scores (Family-reported)
   95%CI    95%CI  
  Beta Lower limit Upper limit p-value Beta Lower limit Upper limit p-value
Annual visit, year
 1 0.00     0.00    
 2 − 0.36 −1.20 0.48 0.40 −1.05 −2.37 0.26 0.12
 3 −2.15 −3.83 −0.47 0.01 −3.89 −5.42 −2.36 < 0.001
 4 −3.32 −4.38 −2.25 < 0.001 −4.54 −6.61 −2.47 < 0.001
 5 −2.78 −3.83 −1.73 < 0.001 −4.47 −6.71 −2.23 < 0.001
Age 0.02 −0.03 0.06 0.49 0.01 −0.07 0.08 0.84
Gender
 Female (vs. male) −0.40 −1.28 0.48 0.37 0.39 −1.04 1.83 0.59
BMI (kg/m2) −0.03 −0.13 0.07 0.51 −0.01 −0.41 0.40 0.97
Household status
 Not alone (vs. alone) 0.38 −1.10 1.87 0.61 −0.34 −3.41 2.73 0.83
Marital status
 Married 0.00     0.00    
 Widow/Widower 0.66 −0.28 1.59 0.17 −1.15 −3.07 0.78 0.24
 Divorced 1.74 0.47 3.00 0.01 1.17 −1.75 4.09 0.43
 Single 0.94 −0.56 2.44 0.22 −2.90 −6.90 1.10 0.15
Economic status
 With financial support 0.00     0.00    
 Self-supporting −0.47 −1.23 0.29 0.22 −0.87 −2.85 1.10 0.39
 Well-off −0.06 −1.11 1.00 0.92 −0.74 −3.26 1.77 0.56
Visual acuity
 Impaired (vs. not impaired) −0.48 −1.38 0.43 0.30 0.57 −0.87 2.01 0.44
Hearing ability
 Impaired (vs. not impaired) −0.17 −1.07 0.73 0.70 0.94 −0.66 2.54 0.25
Communication
 Impaired (vs. not impaired) −0.66 −1.66 0.33 0.19 1.33 −1.51 4.17 0.36
CCI 0.12 −0.05 0.29 0.17 −0.02 −0.39 0.35 0.93
Polypharmacy (≥6 medications)         
 Yes (vs. no) 0.03 −0.63 0.70 0.92 0.73 −0.66 2.12 0.30
Independence scale of the disabled elderly
 Independence 0.00     0.00    
 Pre-bedridden status −1.24 −2.38 −0.11 0.03 0.15 −2.11 2.40 0.90
 Bedridden status −1.39 −2.75 −0.03 0.045 −2.05 −4.69 0.58 0.13
Barthel index (scores) −0.01 −0.03 0.01 0.20 −0.01 −0.05 0.02 0.45
Bedsore
 Yes (vs. no) −0.09 −1.15 0.97 0.86 −0.58 −2.76 1.61 0.60
Denture use
 Yes (vs. no) −0.26 −0.96 0.45 0.47 −1.02 −2.36 0.32 0.14
Feeding intake form
 Oral form 0.00     0.00    
 Oral form plus tube feeding 0.93 −1.05 2.92 0.36 1.70 −1.36 4.76 0.28
 Tube feeding 0.82 −1.93 3.57 0.56 5.21 −1.71 12.14 0.14
Dysphagia Severity Scale
 Dysphagia (vs. no dysphagia) −0.17 −1.32 0.98 0.78 −0.76 −2.02 0.50 0.24
MNA-SF (scores) 0.10 −0.07 0.28 0.23 0.37 0.10 0.64 0.01
Serum albumin level (g/dL) −0.39 −0.95 0.17 0.17 −1.87 −3.82 0.08 0.06
Baseline QOL (scores) 0.75 0.58 0.93 < 0.001 0.50 0.25 0.76 < 0.001
  1. *Adjusted for age, gender, BMI, household status, marital status, economic status, visual acuity, hearing ability, communication, CCI, polypharmacy, independence scale of the disabled elderly, Barthel index, bedsore, denture use, feeding intake form, dysphagia severity, MNA-SF, serum albumin level, and baseline QOL