Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study participants

From: Validation of a one year fracture prediction tool for absolute hip fracture risk in long term care residents

Variables ON (N = 29,848) BC (N = 3129) MB (N = 2293)
Age, yrs. Mean (SD) 82.1 (9.6) 83.0 (9.6) 83.5 (9.3)
Gender, Female, n (%) 19,706 (66.1) 2023 (64.7) 2293 (69.8)
Married, n (%) 8978 (30.1) 818 (26.2) 608 (26.5)
Chronic Disease Number, n (%)
 Osteoporosis 7247 (24.3) 663 (21.2) 353 (15.4)
 Diabetes Mellitus 7239 (24.3) 610 (19.5) 472 (20.6)
 Arthritis 10,486 (35.1) 1058 (33.8) 811 (35.4)
 Alzheimer’s Disease 5513 (18.5) 523 (16.7) 289 (12.6)
 Cancer 2935 (9.8) 280 (9.0) 279 (12.2)
 Neuromuscular diseases 47 (0.2) 11 (0.4) 1 (0.04)
 Parkinson’s Diseases 81 (0.3) 2 (0.1) 6 (0.3)
 Liver Disease 69 (0.2) 7 (0.2) 7 (0.3)
 Arteriosclerotic Diseases 2004 (6.7) 199 (6.4) 127 (5.5)
Hospital admissions in past 90 days, n (%)
 No Visit 29,603 (99.2) 3106 (99.3) 2281 (99.5)
  ≥ 1 Visit 245 (0.8) 23 (0.7) 12 (0.5)
Emergency room visits in past 90 day,s n (%)
 No Visit 26,590 (89.1) 2927 (93.5) 2232 (97.3)
  ≥ 1 Visit 3258 (10.9) 202 (6.5) 61 (2.7)
Number of prescribed medications, Mean (SD) 9.7 (4.63) 8.45 (4.04) 8.02 (4.66)
Changes in Health, End-Stage Disease, Signs, and Symptoms (CHESS Score), n (%)
 0 110,18 (58.69) 1309 (68.64) 664 (72.49)
 1 4665 (24.85) 362 (18.98) 188 (20.52)
 2 2179 (11.61) 176 (9.23) 51 (5.57)
 3 692 (3.69) 49 (2.57) 11 (1.20)
 4 219 (1.17) 11 (0.58) 2 (0.22)
 5 0 0 0
Home size, n (%)
 Small (≤50 beds) 583 (1.95) 276 (8.82) 0
 Med (51–99 beds) 511,9 (17.15) 103,7 (33.14) 278 (12.12)
 Large (≥ 100 beds 24,146 (80.90) 181,6 (58.04) 2015 (87.88)
Overall case mix index of the residents at Baseline, Mean (SD) 0.64 (0.18) 0.57 (0.16) 0.58 (0.14)
Ownership, n (%)
 Public/religious/not for profit 127,41 (42.69) 157,3 (50.27) 122,3 (53.34)
 Private 171,07 (57.31) 155,6 (49.73) 107,0 (46.66)
Rurality, n (%)
 Urban 255,96 (85.75) 272,3 (87.02) 2293 (100)
 Rural 410,5 (13.75) 401 (12.82) 0