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Table 1 Baseline Individual-level factors of the seniors and their bivariate association with errors in MMSE

From: The impact of rural-urban community settings on cognitive decline: results from a nationally-representative sample of seniors in China

Parameter Number of Participants % β(SE)
Sex
 Malea 1043 61.03  
 Female 666 38.97 1.455(0.235)***
Childhood Residency
 Villagea 188 11.00  
 City/Town 1521 89.00 3.031 (0.354) ***
Government Subsidies
 Yesa 882 51.61  
 No 827 48.39 −1.417 (0.230)***
Occupation (State-owned Business)
 Outsidea 1279 74.84  
 Inside 430 25.16 −3.260 (0.256)***
Education
 Illiteratea 403 23.58  
 Elementary school 856 50.09 −3.446 (0.258)***
 Middle school or above 450 26.33 −6.230 (0.293)***
Smoking
 Nevera 870 50.91  
 Quit 240 14.04 −1.188 (0.349)***
 Still 599 35.05 −0.270 (0.254)
Community Setting
 Rurala 1020 59.68  
 Urban 689 40.32 −1.978 (0.232)***
  1. SE Standard Error
  2. a: This level was set as the reference level
  3. ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001