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Table 2 Health- related quality of life and depressive symptoms mean change

From: Effect of exercise and nutritional supplementation on health-related quality of life and mood in older adults: the VIVE2 randomized controlled trial

  Physical activity + placebo Physical activity + supplementation p between groups*
PCS
 Baseline 45.1 (8.1) (n = 66) 45.8 (7.6) (n = 73) 0.77
 6 months 45.2 (9.1) (n = 60) 45.5 (8.1) (n = 68)
 Change from baseline to 6 months 0.04 (−1.9,1.9) −0.7 (−2.3,0.9)
MCS
 Baseline 53.1 (8.8) (n = 66) 50.4 (9.5) (n = 73) 0.14
 6 months 56.1 (8.1) (n = 60) 53.1 (9.1) (n = 68)
 Change from baseline to 6 months 3 (0.5,5.5)** 2.3 (−0.1,4.8)
CES-D
 Baseline 11.1 (6.6) (n = 67) 12.3 (7.7) (n = 67) 0.48
 6 months 8.1 (7.7) (n = 65) 9.7 (7.7) (n = 68)
 Change from baseline to 6 months −2.7 (−4.7,-1.22)** − 2.8 (−4.5,-1.17)**
  1. Health- related quality of life (HRQoL) - physical component summary and mental component summary and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale scores at baseline and at 6 months and mean change from baseline to 6 months (means (95% CI))
  2. CI confidence interval, PCS physical component summary, MCS mental component summary, CES-D center for epidemiological studies depression scale
  3. *The p-value is based on the result from the ANCOVA analysis. Adjusted for baseline value, sex, age and study site.** Significant change within group (p < 0.05)