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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Montreal cognitive assessment reflects cognitive reserve

  Male (n = 95) Female (n = 126) Total (n = 221) P value
Age (year) 74.60 ± 5.54 73.39 ± 5.79 73.91 ± 5.70 0.118
 60–74 50 (52.6%) 74 (58.7%) 124 (56.1%)  
 75–90 45 (47.4%) 52 (41.3%) 97 (43.9%)  
Education (year) 10.65 ± 4.61 8.83 ± 4.81 9.61 ± 4.80 0.005
 0–6 29 (30.5%) 56 (44.4%) 85 (38.5%)  
 7–12 35 (36.8%) 38 (30.2%) 73 (33.0%)  
 13- 31 (32.6%) 32 (25.4%) 63 (28.5%)  
MMSE 27.47 ± 1.83 26.94 ± 2.23 27.17 ± 2.08 0.041
MoCA 23.40 ± 3.21 22.03 ± 3.65 22.62 ± 3.53 0.004
CRIq
 CRI 107.32 ± 18.46 99.28 ± 16.10 102.74 ± 17.57 0.001
 CRI-Education 106.11 ± 15.63 99.30 ± 16.04 102.23 ± 16.19 0.002
 CRI-WorkingActivity 114.50 ± 20.70 92.32 ± 11.55 101.86 ± 19.49 < 0.001
 CRI-LeisureTime 95.44 ± 16.32 106.80 ± 19.13 101.92 ± 18.80 < 0.001
  1. Data are shown in mean ± standard deviation or number (%)
  2. MMSE Mini-mental Status Examination, MoCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment, CRIq Cognitive Reserve Index questionnaire