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Table 3 Distribution of isolated sputum culture pathogens within 48 h after admission

From: Clinical outcomes and prognostic factors in patients directly transferred to the intensive care unit from long-term care beds in institutions and hospitals: a retrospective clinical study

Pathogen identified N = 74
Gram-positive pathogen
Staphylococcus aureus 20 (27.0)
  MSSA 2 (2.7)
  MRSA 18 (24.3)
Streptococcus pneumonia 5 (6.8)
Gram-negative pathogen
Acinetobacter baumannii 24 (32.4)
Escherichia coli 2 (2.7)
Klebsiella pneumonia 7 (9.5)
Enterobacter cloacae 1 (1.4)
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia 2 (2.7)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 5 (6.8)
Serratia marcescens 1 (1.4)
Proteus mirabilis 4 (5.4)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis 3 (4.1)
MDR pathogen 49 (66.2)
 MRSA 18 (24.3)
 ESBL producing Enterobacteriae 7 (9.5)
 MDR-Pseudomonas spp. 1 (1.4)
 CRAB 23 (31.1)
  1. Values are presented as numbers (percentages) unless otherwise indicated; MSSA, methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus; MRSA, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; MDR, multiple-drug-resistant; ESBL, extended-spectrum beta-lactamases; CRAB, carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii