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Table 2 Determinants of social exclusion (German Ageing Survey, 2014)

From: The association between obesity and social exclusion in middle-aged and older adults: findings from a nationally representative study in Germany

  (1) (2) (3)
Social exclusion – Total sample Social exclusion – Men Social exclusion - Women
Potential confounders
Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2; Ref.: Non-obese) −0.03 (0.02) 0.01 (0.02) −0.06* (0.03)
Constant 2.50*** (0.06) 2.39*** (0.08) 2.642*** (0.09)
Observations 7041 3532 3509
R2 0.11 0.13 0.09
  1. Potential confounders include age, family status, monthly net equivalent income, smoking status, alcohol consumption, frequency of sports activities, self-rated health and number of chronic illnesses. Beta-Coefficients are reported; Cluster-robust standard errors in parentheses. *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05, + p < 0.10. Observations with missing values were dropped (listwise deletion). Social exclusion was assessed using a scale developed by Bude and Lantermann [20]