Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the study population. Means, standard deviations (SD) and percentages

From: Associations between health-related quality of life, physical function and fear of falling in older fallers receiving home care

  Total (N = 155) Female (N = 123) Male (N = 32)
Characteristics
 Age, mean (SD) 82.7 (6.7) 83.0 (6.7) 81.3 (6.7)
 Living alone, % 84.5 87.0 75.0
 Higher education (> 12 years), % 36.1 35.0 40.6
 No. of medications weekly, mean (SD) 5.3 (3.4) 5.1 (3.4) 6.0 (3.6)
Primary health care services
 Practical assistance, % 69.7 68.3 75.0
 Nursing, % 30.3 27.6 40.6
 Safety alarm service, % 75.5 79.7 59.4
 Walking aid % 73.5 74.0 71.9
Falls the last 12 months
 No., mean (SD) 2.7 (3.7) 2.1 (2.5) 4.9 (6.0)
Location:
 Indoor, % 47.4 49.6 38.7
 Outdoor, % 18.8 19.5 16.1
 Both, % 33.8 30.9 45.2
Injuries from falls:
 Minor injuries % 45.5 45.5 45.2
 Serious injuries, hospitalisation % 35.1 37.4 25.8
Mini-Mental State Examination
 MMSE, mean (SD) 27.4 (2.2) 27.5 (2.2) 27.2 (2.2)
Falls Efficacy
 FES-I, mean (SD) 30.7 (9.8) 31.0 (9.9) 29.4 (9.5)
Physical function
 IADL, Lawton and Brody. > 6, % 56.1 56.1 56.3
 Sit to stand, mean (SD) 5.1 (4.1) 5.1 (4.2) 4.8 (3.7)
 4-m walk test m/s, mean (SD) 0.62 (0.21) 0.62 (0.22) 0.61 (0.18)
 Berg Balance Scale, mean (SD) 39.1 (11.3) 39.6 (11.4) 37.2 (10.8)
Mini Nutritional Assessment
 Risk of or malnourished % 24.4 27.6 12.5
Health-related quality of life
 SF-36 scores, mean (SD)    
 Physical component summary 38.3 (9.0) 38.0 (9.2) 39.4 (8.4)
 Mental component summary 49.4 (10.3) 49.0 (10.6) 50.9 (9.1)
 Physical function 44.6 (23.1) 44.5 (23.0) 45.2 (23.8)
 Role physical 51.7 (29.7) 50.9 (30.1) 54.9 (28.3)
 Body pain 53.8 (32.2) 51.8 (32.4) 61.4 (30.7)
 General health 57.6 (23.3) 57.6 (23.5) 57.6 (22.7)
 Vitality 38.3 (21.5) 36.7 (28.8) 44.2 (19.1)
 Social function 66.9 (31.2) 66.1 (31.3) 69.9 (30.8)
 Role emotional 75.8 (28.5) 75.6 (28.1) 76.6 (30.6)
 Mental health 72.1 (17.4) 71.1 (17.8) 75.6 (15.6)
\