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Table 4 Frequency of complexes and subgroups of physical diagnoses by dementia and increasing severity of dementia

From: Physical diagnoses in nursing home residents - is dementia or severity of dementia of importance?

Physical diagnoses N (%) Total CDR < 1 CDR ≥ 1 P-value CDR 1 CDR 2 CDR 3 P-value
2983 (100) 513 (17.2) 2470 (82.8) 543 (22.0) 835 (33.8) 1092 (44.2)
Cardiovascular diagnoses N (%) 1798 (60.3) 343 (66.9) 1455 (58.9) 0.0011 366 (67.4) 521 (62.4) 568 (52.0) < 0.0011
 Hypertension (I10–15) N (%) 662 (22.2) 121 (23.6) 541 (21.9) 0.3151 126 (23.2) 206 (24.7) 209 (19.1) 0.0301
 Cerebrovascular disease (I60–69) N (%) 642 (21.5) 130 (25.3) 512 (20.7) 0.0262 139 (25.6) 179 (21.4) 194 (17.8) 0.0012
 Ischemic heart disease (I20–25) N (%) 466 (15.6) 93 (18.1) 373 (15.1) 0.0992 95 (17.5) 137 (16.4) 141 (12.9) 0.0112
 Arrhythmia (I44–49) N (%) 404 (13.5) 82 (16.0) 322 (13.0) 0.0842 83 (15.3) 111 (13.3) 128 (11.7) 0.0492
 Heart failure (I50) N (%) 389 (13.0) 93 (18.1) 296 (12.0) < 0.0012 88 (16.2) 92 (11.0) 116 (10.6) 0.0052
Musculoskeletal diagnoses N (%) 707 (23.7) 153 (29.8) 554 (22.4) 0.0011 126 (23.2) 201 (24.1) 227 (20.8) 0.2741
 Osteoporosis (M80–81) N (%) 265 (8.9) 57 (11.1) 208 (8.4) 0.0771 43 (7.9) 80 (9.6) 85 (7.8) 0.8921
 Arthrosis (M15–19) N (%) 237 (7.9) 45 (8.8) 192 (7.8) 0.5571 43 (7.9) 62 (7.4) 87 (8.0) 0.8151
 Inflammatory joint disease (M05–14) N (%) 137 (4.6) 35 (6.8) 102 (4.1) 0.0112 26 (4.8) 38 (4.6) 38 (3.5) 0.1812
Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diagnoses N (%) 662 (22.2) 112 (21.8) 550 (22.3) 0.8382 124 (22.8) 187 (22.4) 239 (21.9) 0.6612
 Diabetes (E10–14) N (%) 455 (15.3) 83 (16.2) 372 (15.1) 0.5302 86 (15.8) 130 (15.6) 156 (14.3) 0.3802
 Disorders of the thyroid gland (E00–07) N (%) 195 (6.5) 30 (5.8) 165 (6.7) 0.4942 43 (7.9) 51 (6.1) 71 (6.5) 0.3802
Neurological diagnoses N (%) 464 (15.6) 92 (17.9) 372 (15.1) 0.1092 89 (16.4) 108 (12.9) 175 (16.0) 0.8102
 Parkinson (G20) N (%) 137 (4.6) 32 (6.2) 105 (4.3) 0.0571 25 (4.6) 30 (3.6) 50 (4.6) 0.8451
 Transient ischemic attack (TIA) (G45.9) N (%) 119 (4.0) 16 (3.1) 103 (4.2) 0.2531 16 (2.9) 36 (4.3) 51 (4.7) 0.1071
Respiratory diagnoses N (%) 271 (9.1) 66 (12.9) 205 (8.3) 0.0022 57 (10.5) 77 (9.2) 71 (6.5) 0.0062
 Asthma/COPD (J40–47) N (%) 242 (8.1) 60 (11.7) 182 (7.4) 0.0022 46 (8.5) 70 (8.4) 66 (6.0) 0.0542
Genitourinal diagnoses N (%) 267 (9.0) 52 (10.1) 215 (8.7) 0.3122 42 (7.7) 66 (7.9) 107 (9.8) 0.1232
 Renal failure (N17–19) N (%) 95 (3.2) 23 (4.5) 72 (2.9) 0.0782 18 (3.3) 24 (2.9) 30 (2.7) 0.5522
Malign neoplasms N (%) 249 (8.3) 62 (12.1) 187 (7.6) 0.0011 42 (7.7) 70 (8.4) 75 (6.9) 0.4061
 Malignant neoplasm of breast (C50) N (%) 54 (1.8) 9 (1.8) 45 (1.8) 0.9201 10 (1.8) 15 (1.8) 20 (1.8) 0.9991
Gastrointestinal diagnoses N (%) 230 (7.7) 36 (7.0) 194 (7.9) 0.3791 52 (9.6) 67 (8.0) 75 (6.9) 0.0681
 Ulcer (oesophagus, stomach and duodenum) (K25–28) N (%) 65 (2.2) 10 (1.9) 55 (2.2) 0.7162 10 (1.8) 21 (2.5) 24 (2.2) 0.7812
Other
 Fracture of the femur (S72) N (%) 261 (8.7) 49 (9.6) 212 (8.6) 0.8331 54 (9.9) 65 (7.8) 93 (8.5) 0.6511
 Cataract (H25–26) N (%) 138 (4.6) 32 (6.2) 106 (4.3) 0.0652 19 (3.5) 35 (4.2) 52 (4.8) 0.2382
 Glaucoma (H40–42) N (%) 101 (3.4) 11 (2.1) 90 (3.6) 0.1002 25 (4.6) 21 (2.5) 44 (4.0) 0.8902
  1. CDR Clinical Dementia Rating, COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  2. 1Adjusted for NH-level
  3. 2Adjusted for intra-patient correlation