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Table 1 Background characteristics, N = 229

From: Octo- and nonagenarians’ outlook on life and death when living with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator: a cross-sectional study

Characteristica Valueb
Demographics
 Age (years) 82.0 (2.2)
 Gender (male) 201 (87.8%)
 Education (lower)c 102 (44.5%)
 Living alone (yes) 55 (24.3%)
Clinical factors
 Time since implantation (years) 5.5 (4.2%)
 ICD-indication (primary prevention) 65 (28.4%)
 Resynchronization therapy (CRT-D, yes) 57 (24.9%)
 Shock experience (yes) 76 (33.9%)
 Generator replacement (yes) 73 (31.9%)
Co-morbidity
 Myocardial infarction 92 (40.2%)
 Atrial fibrillation 125 (54.6%)
 Heart failure 131 (57.2%)
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 32 (14.0%)
 Diabetes mellitus 33 (14.4%)
 Stroke 27 (11.8%)
 Cancer 29 (12.7%)
  1. aSelf-reported by subjects
  2. bData are presented as mean (SD) or n (%)
  3. cCompulsory secondary school, with a total education time ≤ 9 years