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Table 2 Contents of home-based physiotherapy

From: Effects of 12-month home-based physiotherapy on duration of living at home and functional capacity among older persons with signs of frailty or with a recent hip fracture - protocol of a randomized controlled trial (HIPFRA study)

  Warm-up Strength exercises Flexibility exercises Balance exercises Functional exercises
Modes of activities Various activities Orientation 2–3 weeks: based on the Otago exercise program [31] (5 leg muscle strengthening exercises with up to 4 levels of difficulty).
Muscle strength, power and endurance periods, each 8 weeks, repeated twice during 12 months
Various flexibility exercises for large joints and the spine to enlarge the ROM Otago [31] exercises (12 balance exercises with up to 4 levels of difficulty) Flexibility, strength and balance exercises combined with IADL activities and walking outside
Intensity Low to moderate Moderate to vigorous (12–17 of RPE) [36] Moderate Challenges to the individual’s balance abilities Challenges to the individual’s functional abilities
Progression Changing intensity and activities according to physical condition Using extra weights, increasing the level of difficulty Changing activities Selecting more advanced balance exercises (e.g. static, dynamic, dual task) Selecting more advanced functional exercises
Frequency 2 times / week 2 times / week 2 times / week 2 times / week One time / week
Duration Approx. 5–10 min Approx. 30 min Approx. 10 min Approx. 20 min Integrated to other exercises
Assessment Shortness of breath SPPB [28, 56], RPE [36] ROM Time (s), observation Task accomplishment
  1. IADL Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, ROM Range of motion, RPE Rating of Perceived Exertion (scale 6 to 20), s second(s), SPPB Short Physical Performance Battery