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Table 1 Outcomes, assessment methods and schedule

From: Effects of 12-month home-based physiotherapy on duration of living at home and functional capacity among older persons with signs of frailty or with a recent hip fracture - protocol of a randomized controlled trial (HIPFRA study)

Outcomes Parameters and measures [reference] Scale Assessment method Assessment time points (months from the beginning)
0 3 6 12 24
Primary outcome Duration of living at home (days) during 24 months 1–730 Register information      x
Secondary outcomes
 Functional capacity Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) [54] 8-31 Interview based on a structured questionnaire x x x x  
Functional Independence Measure (FIM) [55] 18–126 Interview based on a structured questionnaire x x x x  
Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) [28, 56] 0–12 Measurement x x x x  
Grip strength (Saehan dynamometer, model Sh5001, South Korea) [57]   Measurement x x x x  
 Frailty status Fried et al.’s frailty criteria (modified) [1] 0–5 Interview based on a structured questionnaire and measurement x    x  
 Quality-of-life Health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) (15D©) [58, 59] 15–75 Self-reported questionnaire x x x x  
 Falls Number of falls   Interview based on a structured questionnaire x x x x  
 Service use and costs Use and costs of social and health care services, and medication   Register data (0–12 months and 13–24 months) from EHR and Social Insurance Institution     x x
 Mortality Mortality   Register data from EHR      x
Other outcomes
 Cognition Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) [26] 0–30 Interview based on a structured questionnaire x   x x  
 Depressive symptoms Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) [60] 0–15 Interview based on a structured questionnaire x x x x  
 Nutritional status Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) [38] 0–30 Interview based on a structured questionnaire x x x x  
 Fear of falling Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I) [61, 62] 16–64 Interview based on a structured questionnaire x x x x  
 Social support Social Provision Scale (SPS) [63] 24–96 Self-reported questionnaire x   x x  
 Health status Weight (Omron HN289, Japan)   Measurement x x x x  
Height (KaWe PERSON-CHECK, Germany)   Measurement x x x x  
BMI   Calculated from weight and height x x x x  
Diseases diagnosed by a physician   Interview based on a structured questionnaire and EHR x    x  
Medication   Interview based on a structured questionnaire and EHR x x x x  
Pain (Visual Analogue Scale, VAS) [64] 0–100 Interview based on a structured questionnaire x x x x  
Medical and mobility aids   Interview based on a structured questionnaire and EHR x x x x  
Perceived health [27]   Interview based on a structured questionnaire x x x x  
Perceived mobility and physical fitness [27]   Interview based on a structured questionnaire x x x x  
Hip fracture surgery (details of operation, inpatient rehabilitation)   EHR x     
 Home services Home care and home health care   Interview based on a structured questionnaire and EHR x x x x  
Home renovations   Interview based on a structured questionnaire and EHR x x x x  
 Lifestyle Physical activity [27]   Interview based on a structured questionnaire x x x x  
Alcohol consumption (AUDIT-C) [65] 0–12 Interview based on a structured questionnaire x x x x  
Smoking [27]   Interview based on a structured questionnaire x x x x  
 Background information Demographic factors (age, marital, status, education, previous occupation)   Interview based on a structured questionnaire x     
Type of dwelling and household   Interview based on a structured questionnaire x x x x