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Table 2 Anthropometric indices and incident T2D risk in men and women

From: Using different anthropometric indices to assess prediction ability of type 2 diabetes in elderly population: a 5 year prospective study

Variables Cases/Total(n) Incidence/1000 person-years Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Men (n = 5998)
 WC (cm)
   < 85 142/3356 9.79 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference)
   ≥ 85 223/2642 19.57 1.75(1.42,2.16) 1.73(1.40,2.14) 1.43(1.14,1.78)
  P value    < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
 WHtR
   < 0.5 106/2763 8.88 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference)
   ≥ 0.5 259/3235 18.55 1.91(1.52,2.39) 1.88(1.50,2.36) 1.43(1.22,1.82)
  P value    < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
 BMI (kg/m2)
   < 24 98/2868 7.94 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference)
  24–27.9 179/2467 16.71 2.09(1.63,2.67) 2.10(1.64,2.70) 1.56(1.21,2.02)
  ≥ 28 88/633 30.82 4.18(3.14,5.58) 4.21(3.14,5.64) 2.59(1.91,3.53)
  P for trend    < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
 VAI
  Tertile 1 78/2000 8.99 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference)
  Tertile 2 99/1999 11.41 1.24(0.92,1.67) 1.24(0.92,1.67) 1.17(0.86,1.58)
  Tertile 3 188/1999 22.00 2.39(1.84,3.11) 2.40(1.84,3.13) 2.00(1.49,2.67)
  P for trend    < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
 ABSI
  Tertile 1 119/1999 13.73 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference)
  Tertile 2 128/1999 14.76 0.88(0.68,1.23) 0.86(0.67,1.10) 0.80(0.62,1.03)
  Tertile 3 118/2000 13.79 0.78(0.60,1.01) 0.76(0.59,0.99) 0.79(0.61,1.03)
  P for trend    0.056 0.039 0.098
 BRI
  Tertile 1 93/1999 10.79 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference)
  Tertile 2 109/2000 12.57 1.43(1.06,1.92) 1.42(1.06,1.91) 1.14(0.84,1.54)
  Tertile 3 183/1999 21.26 2.32(1.77,3.05) 2.27(1.73,2.99) 1.60(1.20,2.13)
  P for trend    < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Women (n = 3964)
 WC (cm)
   < 80 78/1899 9.50 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference)
   ≥ 80 171/2065 18.96 1.67(1.28,2.18) 1.67(1.27,2.20) 1.46(1.11,1.92)
  P value    < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
 WHtR
   < 0.5 49/1395 8.11 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference)
   ≥ 0.5 200/2569 17.87 1.87(1.37,2.56) 1.85(1.34,2.54) 1.51(1.10,2.09)
  P value    < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
 BMI (kg/m2)
   < 24 66/1864 8.15 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference)
  24–27.9 121/1486 18.70 2.31(1.71,3.11) 2.29(1.69,3.10) 1.74(1.27,2.36)
   ≥ 28 62/614 23.30 2.78(1.97,3.94) 2.81(1.98,4.00) 2.01(1.41,2.87)
  P for trend    < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
 VAI
  Tertile 1 50/1322 8.77 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference)
  Tertile 2 97/1320 16.79 1.90(1.35,2.67) 1.86(1.32,2.63) 1.80(1.28,2.55)
  Tertile 3 102/1322 17.72 2.04(1.45,2.87) 2.01(1.43,2.83) 1.85(1.31,2.61)
  P for trend    < 0.001 < 0.001 0.003
 ABSI
  Tertile 1 85/1321 14.74 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference)
  Tertile 2 79/1321 13.77 0.79(0.58,1.07) 0.77(0.56,1.05) 0.73(0.53,1.00)
  Tertile 3 85/1322 14.82 0.76(0.56,1.03) 0.74(0.54,1.01) 0.83(0.61,1.41)
  P for trend    < 0.001 0.073 0.313
 BRI
  Tertile 1 46/1323 8.02 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference) 1.00(Reference)
  Tertile 2 82/1327 14.05 1.50(1.04,2.16) 1.42(0.98,2.05) 1.23(0.85,1.78)
  Tertile 3 121/1314 21.38 2.18(1.54,3.08) 1.98(1.39,2.82) 1.73(1.21,2.46)
  P for trend    < 0.001 < 0.001 0.001
  1. Model 1 unadjusted model. Model 2 additionally adjusted for age, smoking, drinking, physical activity and education level. Model 3 additionally adjusted for hypertension, hyperlipidemia (except VAI), FBG (except VAI) and family history of T2D