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Table 1 Baseline characteristic of the study population

From: Using different anthropometric indices to assess prediction ability of type 2 diabetes in elderly population: a 5 year prospective study

Variables Non T2D cases (n = 9348) Incident T2D cases (n = 614) P value
Age (years) 66.81 ± 5.55 66.44 ± 5.16 0.083
Female (%) 3715(39.7) 249(40.6) 0.690
WC (cm) 83.01 ± 9.31 87.13 ± 9.62 < 0.001
WHtR 0.51 ± 0.06 0.54 ± 0.06 < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 24.22 ± 3.32 25.86 ± 3.18 < 0.001
VAI 1.55 ± 1.31 1.93 ± 1.58 < 0.001
ABSI 0.078 ± 0.006 0.078 ± 0.006 0.441
BRI 3.69 ± 1.15 4.17 ± 1.21 < 0.001
Smoking (Yes, %)
 Current smoker 2300(24.8) 147(24.1)  
 Former smoker 1319(14.2) 84(13.7)  
 Never smoker 5672(61.0) 380(62.2) 0.854
Alcohol consumption (Yes, %)
 Current drinker 147(24.1) 169(27.5)  
 Former drinker 84(13.7) 49(8.0)  
 Never drinker 380(62.2) 396(64.5) 0.020
Physical activity (Yes, %) 8470(90.0) 547(89.1) 0.213
Education (High school or beyond, %) 3036(32.8) 186(30.5) 0.244
HDL-c (mmol/L) 1.40 1.35 0.001
TG (mmol/L) 1.15 1.36 < 0.001
TC (mmol/L) 5.10 5.17 0.019
SBP (mmHg) 129.76 ± 18.28 133.54 ± 17.72 < 0.001
DBP (mmHg) 77.35 ± 10.84 79.07 ± 10.81 < 0.001
Hypertention (Yes, %) 3739(40.0) 328(53.4) < 0.001
Hyperlipidemia (Yes, %) 4229(45.2) 353(57.5) < 0.001
FBG (mmol/L) 5.54 ± 0.56 6.05 ± 0.63 < 0.001
T2D family history (Yes, %) 169(1.8) 17(2.8) 0.090
  1. Continuous variables were presented as mean ± SD or median. Categorical variables were presented as a number (percentage)
  2. Abbreviations: WC waist circumstance, WhtR waist-to-height ratio, BMI body mass index, VAI visceral adiposity index, ABSI a body shape index, BRI body round index, HDL-c high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-c low-density lipoprotein, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, TG triglyceride, TC total cholesterol, FBG fasting blood glucose, T2D type 2 diabetes