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Table 3 Functional measures and health outcome

From: Cross-sectional study of prevalence of dementia, behavioural symptoms, mobility, pain and other health parameters in nursing homes in Austria and the Czech Republic: results from the DEMDATA project

  AUT CZ  
Statistical values N Mean (±SD)a 95% CI N Mean (±SD)a 95% CI p-value
FAST 571 5.8 ± 1.4 (Range: 1.0–8.0) 5.7–5.9 508 4.1 ± 1.9 (Range: 1.0–7.0) 3.9–4.3  
 Fast (1–3) % (n)   8.2% (47)    41.1% (209)   <.001b
 Fast (≥ 4) % (n)   91.8% (524)    58.9% (299)  
Katz-Index (need for assistance %, n)
 Bathing 565 78.4% (443) 75.0–81.8 509 75.4% (384) 71.7–79.2 .28b
 Dressing 563 69.4% (391) 65.6–73.3 509 57.8% (294) 53.5–62.1 <.001b
 Toileting 562 53.7% (302) 49.6–57.9 508 53.0% (269) 48.6–57.3 .84b
 Transferring 564 40.4% (228) 36.4–44.5 509 45.0% (229) 40.7–49.3 .15b
 Continence 565 69.6% (393) 65.8–73.4 509 71.7% (365) 67.8–75.6 .48b
 Feeding 561 21.2% (119) 17.8–24.6 508 21.3% (108) 17.7–24.8 1.0b
EuroQol (EQ-5D-3L)
 Agility/Mobility % (n) 461 No problems: 21.7% (100)
Mild to severe problems: 78.3% (361)
Mild to severe problems: 74.5–82.1 457 No problems: 25.6% (117)
Mild to severe problems: 74.4% (340)
Mild to severe problems: 70.4–78.4 .19b
 Care for oneself (ADL) % (n) 458 No problems: 36.7% (168)
Mild to severe problems: 63.3% (290)
Mild to severe problems: 58.9–67.7 456 No problems: 51.3% (234)
Mild to severe problems: 48.7% (222)
Mild to severe problems: 44.1–53.3 <.001b
 Usual activity (IADL) % (n) 458 No problems: 55.2% (253)
Mild to severe problems: 44.8% (205)
Mild to severe problems: 40.2–49.3 454 No problems: 62.3% (283)
Mild to severe problems: 37.7% (171)
Mild to severe problems: 33.2–42.1 .035b
 Pain % (n) 458 No problems: 55.2% (253)
Mild to severe problems: 44.8% (205)
Mild to severe problems: 40.2–49.3 453 No problems: 48.6% (220)
Mild to severe problems: 51.4% (233)
Mild to severe problems: 46.8–56.0 .051b
 Anxiety/Depression % (n) 459 No problems: 61.0% (280)
Mild to severe problems: 39.0% (179)
Mild to severe problems: 34.5–43.5 455 No problems: 73.0% (332)
Mild to severe problems: 27.0% (123)
Mild to severe problems: 23.0–31.0 <.001b
 State of health 414 62.0 ± 20.3 60.0–64.0 423 61.8 ± 21.6 59.7–63.7 .84c
  1. aData represent mean (M) and standard deviation (SD) if not otherwise stated
  2. bPearson’s Chi-squared test
  3. cWilcoxon rank sum test