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Table 2 Association between pet ownership and perceptions of the neighbourhood: mean and median, Interquartile range (IQR)

From: A cross-sectional exploratory analysis between pet ownership, sleep, exercise, health and neighbourhood perceptions: the Whitehall II cohort study

  Non owners Pet owners (p-values compared with non-owners) Dog owners (p-values compared with other pets) Cat / bird / fish / other owners Level of attachment to the pet(s): correlation
Mean (Median; IQR)
I really feel part of this area 5.5 (6; 5 to 7) 5.6 (6; 5 to 7) (p = 0.03) 5.7 (6; 5 to 7) (p = 0.03) 5.5 (6; 5 to 7) 0.07 p = 0.0004
There is no problem with vandalism and graffiti in this area 5.3 (6; 4 to 6) 5.4 (6; 5 to 6) (p = 0.0002) 5.6 (6; 5 to 7) (p < 0.0001) 5.3 (6; 4 to 6) 0.03 p = 0.09
I have never felt lonely living in this area 5.6 (6; 5 to 7) 5.7 (6; 5 to 7) (p = 0.05) 5.8 (6; 5 to 7) (p = 0.01) 5.6 (6; 5 to 7) 0.02 p = 0.23
Most people in this area can be trusted 5.3 (6; 4 to 6) 5.5 (6; 5 to 6) (p = 0.002) 5.6 (6; 5 to 7) (p < 0.0001) 5.4 (6; 4 to 6) 0.08 p < 0.0001
People feel safe walking alone in this area after dark 5.2 (6; 4 to 6) 5.4 (6; 5 to 7) (p < 0.0001) 5.6 (6; 5 to 7) (p < 0.0001) 5.2 (6; 4 to 6) 0.03 p = 0.19
Most people in this area are friendly 5.5 (6; 5 to 6) 5.7 (6; 5 to 7) (p < 0.0001) 5.9 (6; 5 to 7) (p < 0.0001) 5.5 (6; 5 to 6) 0.10 p < 0.0001
People in this area will always treat you fairly 5.6 (6; 5 to 6) 5.5 (6; 5 to 6) (p = 0.02) 5.7 (6; 5 to 6) (p = 0.005) 5.5 (6; 5 to 6) 0.06 p = 0.002
This area is kept very clean 5.1 (5; 4 to 6) 5.2 (6; 4 to 6) 5.3 (6; 4 to 6) 5.1 (5; 4 to 6) 0.07 p = 0.003
  (p = 0.007) (p = 0.009)  
If you were in trouble, there are lots of people in this area who would help you 5.0 (5; 4 to 6) 5.2 (5; 4 to 6) (p < 0.0001) 5.3 (5; 4 to 6) (p = 0.13) 5.0 (5; 4 to 6) 0.05 p = 0.01