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Table 3 PREVENT Neuropsychological Battery

From: A longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study of neurodegenerative and small vessel disease, and clinical cognitive trajectories in non demented patients with transient ischemic attack: the PREVENT study

Domain Test Description
Attention Trail Making A [52] Measure of attention, speed and mental flexibility through connecting numbers from 1 to 25 in ascending order.
Processing Speed Digit Symbol Coding Test (WAIS-IV) [53] Assessment consisting of 9 digit-symbol pairs followed by a list of digits. Subject instructed to fill in the corresponding symbol within 120 s.
Verbal Memory WHO/UCLA’s Auditory Verbal Learning Test [54] Measure of verbal learning and memory. Subject asked to repeat a list of words (List A) for 5 consecutive trials. An interference trial is introduced (List B) followed by immediate recall and a 25-min delayed recall.
Visual Memory Brief Visuospatial Memory Test – Revised (BVMT) [55] Measure of visual learning and memory. Target figures presented to subject for 10 s for 3 consecutive drawing trials. After a 25-min delay subject is asked to redraw target figures. Recognition trial is almost administered using 6 novel and 6 target figures.
Executive Function Stroop Color Word Test [56] Measure of executive function to assess cognitive control. Subjects instructed to read colors out loud while ignoring the printed words in 45-s.
Trail Making B [52] Measure of mental flexibility. Subject asked to connect alternating numbers (1–13) and letters (A-L).
Clox-1: Executive Clock Drawing [57] Measure of visual spatial construction and executive abilities; also screens for dementia. The subject is instructed to draw a clock with hands and numbers and a specific time.
Working Memory Digit Span Forward [58] Test of working memory. Subject is asked to repeat back a list of numbers verbatim as they increase in difficulty.
Digit Span Backwards [58] Test of working memory. Subject is asked to repeat the list of words in backwards order as they increase in difficulty.
Language Boston Naming Test (Short form) [59] Assessment of visual naming ability. Subject is asked to name 15 objects after being presented with an illustration.
Complex Ideation Material [60] Assessment of error detection that may be attributed to dementia. Subject is asked yes/no questions about areas that are considered general knowledge. Subject is then read two stories and asked yes/no questions post-comprehension.
Premorbid Intelligence North American Adult Reading Test (NAART) [61] Measure of premorbid intelligence. The subject is asked to read a list of 61 words out loud.
Mood Center for Epidemiological Studies - Depression Scale (CES-D) [62] Self-reported questionnaire. The subject is asked to fill out a questionnaire that pertains to their mood and well-being.
Cognitive Screening Tests Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) [63] Assessment of multiple cognitive domains; sensitive to mild cognitive impairment and dementia.
Addenbrooke’s Cognitive Assessment – Revised (ACE-R) [64] Assessment of multiple cognitive domains; sensitive to MCI and dementia. The test has a built in mini mental state examination (MMSE).